hydrocortisone

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Related to Cortizone: cortisol, hydrocortisone, prednisone

hydrocortisone

(hī'drəkôr`tĭzōn'), another name for the steroid hormone cortisolcortisol
or hydrocortisone,
steroid hormone that in humans is the major circulating hormone of the cortex, or outer layer, of the adrenal gland. Like cortisone, cortisol is classed as a glucocorticoid; it stimulates liver glycogen formation while it decreases the rate
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, more especially used to refer to preparations of this hormone used medicinally. Hydrocortisone, introduced in 1952, is more potent than cortisonecortisone
, steroid hormone whose main physiological effect is on carbohydrate metabolism. It is synthesized from cholesterol in the outer layer, or cortex, of the adrenal gland under the stimulation of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).
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 with respect to medicinal metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects. Like cortisone, it is used to treat Addison's diseaseAddison's disease
[for Thomas Addison], progressive disease brought about by atrophy of the outer layer, or cortex, of the adrenal gland; it is also called chronic adrenocortical insufficiency.
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, inflammatory and rheumatoid diseases, and allergies. Low-potency hydrocortisone, available over the counter, is used to treat skin irritations. See also corticosteroid drugcorticosteroid drug
, any one of several synthetic or naturally occurring substances with the general chemical structure of steroids. They are used therapeutically to mimic or augment the effects of the naturally occurring corticosteroids, which are produced in the cortex of the
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; steroidssteroids,
class of lipids having a particular molecular ring structure called the cyclopentanoperhydro-phenanthrene ring system. Steroids differ from one another in the structure of various side chains and additional rings. Steroids are common in both plants and animals.
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.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hydrocortisone

 

(17-hydroxycorticosterone, cortisol), one of the glucocorticoids; a hormone formed in the adrenal cortex and predominantly regulating carbohydrate metabolism. The human adrenal glands secrete from 5 to 30 mg of hydrocortisone per day, although formation of hydrocortisone may increase five times under conditions of stress or upon introduction of adrenocorticotropic hormone.

Hydrocortisone is used in medical practice as a hormonal preparation that exerts an anti-inflammatory and antiallergic effect. Hydrocortisone (and hydrocortisone acetate in the form of a suspension) is prescribed for the treatment of rheumatism, bronchial asthma, leukemia, and endocrine and other diseases; it is used locally (most often in the form of a cream) for eczema, neurodermatitis, and eye diseases.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

hydrocortisone

[‚hī·drə′kȯrd·ə‚zōn]
(biochemistry)
C21H30O5 The generic name for 17-hydroxycorticosterone; an adrenocortical steroid occurring naturally and prepared synthetically; its effects are similar to cortisone, but it is more active. Also known as cortisol.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Flintoff had a cortizone injection for his continued back problems this week and followed it with a booze-up that lasted until 2.30am.
Most Promoted Sun Care Brands (Circulars) Olay L'Oreal 20.6% Cortizone 10 7.9% Benadryl 6.9% Foster Grant 6.3% Aveeno 5.2% Neutrogena 4.3% Dove 2.9% Gold Bond 2.2% Johnson & Johnson 2.1% Note: Table made from bar graph.
The 2000 Olympic mixed doubles bronze medallist had hoped a cortizone injection would ease the problem with a trapped nerve in his back which brought a premature end to his hopes in this week's Yonex All England Championships in Birmingham.
She had to be treated with cortizone cream and sun blocker around her eyes.
A prospective place in the Olympic Games next August was the powerful incentive to persuade the Worcester doubles ace to undergo two cortizone injections aimed at easing his dodgy back ahead of this week's Yonex All England Open Championships in Birmingham.
Tomorrow night it's a double headliner with metal rock renegades Cycle Fly and Kerrang favourites Cortizone.
Petty has had the stitches removed after his ankle operation a week ago and could play within three weeks while a cortizone injection could solve Frain's knee problem.
(-2.7%) Market Dollar sales Dollar sales LEADING BRANDS ** share (000) % change Private Label 28.3% $19,473 -6.3% Cortizone 10 15.4% $10,587 -2.8% Benadryl 8.7% $5,973 -1.8% Aveeno Active Naturals 5.0% $3,431 -0.1% Lotrimin AF 4.6% $3,193 -0.8% Zanfel 2.9% $1,985 -5.1% Tecnu 2.6% $1,804 +0.1% Sarna 2.4% $1,658 -5.8% Cortizone 10 Plus 2.4% $1,628 -3.5% Eucerin 2.3% $1,560 -3.3% TOTAL UNIT SALES * 25.2 mil.
Cortizone 10, Aspercreme, Arthritis Hot, Sportscreme, Capzasin; Skin care--Balmex; Oral care--Act mouthwash; Hair care--Selsun Blue, Sun-In, Ultra Swim: Sun care--BullFrog.
Meanwhile, Moors midfielder Jamie Petty could be back in action in Monday's trip to Worcester City after having a cortizone injection to cure an ankle problem.
-1.8% Leading brands Dollar sales % change Market share in drug stores (000) Private Label $73,734 - 6.5% 28.8% Cortizone 10 40,994 - 3.4% 16.0% Benadryl 18,279 0.0% 7.1% Aveeno Active Naturals 13,910 + 0.7% 5.4% Lotrimin AF 13,378 + 9.8% 5.2% Eucerin 7,191 + 3.8% 2.8% Sarna 7,111 + 0.4% 2.8% Gold Bond 6,565 - 17.1% 2.6% Gold Bond Ultimate 6,407 + 36.9% 2.5% Cortizone 10 Plus 6,385 + 14.3% 2.50 UNIT SALES * Total 91.3 mil.