hydrocortisone

(redirected from Cortizone)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Cortizone: cortisol, hydrocortisone, prednisone

hydrocortisone

(hī'drəkôr`tĭzōn'), another name for the steroid hormone cortisolcortisol
or hydrocortisone,
steroid hormone that in humans is the major circulating hormone of the cortex, or outer layer, of the adrenal gland. Like cortisone, cortisol is classed as a glucocorticoid; it stimulates liver glycogen formation while it decreases the rate
..... Click the link for more information.
, more especially used to refer to preparations of this hormone used medicinally. Hydrocortisone, introduced in 1952, is more potent than cortisonecortisone
, steroid hormone whose main physiological effect is on carbohydrate metabolism. It is synthesized from cholesterol in the outer layer, or cortex, of the adrenal gland under the stimulation of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).
..... Click the link for more information.
 with respect to medicinal metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects. Like cortisone, it is used to treat Addison's diseaseAddison's disease
[for Thomas Addison], progressive disease brought about by atrophy of the outer layer, or cortex, of the adrenal gland; it is also called chronic adrenocortical insufficiency.
..... Click the link for more information.
, inflammatory and rheumatoid diseases, and allergies. Low-potency hydrocortisone, available over the counter, is used to treat skin irritations. See also corticosteroid drugcorticosteroid drug
, any one of several synthetic or naturally occurring substances with the general chemical structure of steroids. They are used therapeutically to mimic or augment the effects of the naturally occurring corticosteroids, which are produced in the cortex of the
..... Click the link for more information.
; steroidssteroids,
class of lipids having a particular molecular ring structure called the cyclopentanoperhydro-phenanthrene ring system. Steroids differ from one another in the structure of various side chains and additional rings. Steroids are common in both plants and animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Hydrocortisone

 

(17-hydroxycorticosterone, cortisol), one of the glucocorticoids; a hormone formed in the adrenal cortex and predominantly regulating carbohydrate metabolism. The human adrenal glands secrete from 5 to 30 mg of hydrocortisone per day, although formation of hydrocortisone may increase five times under conditions of stress or upon introduction of adrenocorticotropic hormone.

Hydrocortisone is used in medical practice as a hormonal preparation that exerts an anti-inflammatory and antiallergic effect. Hydrocortisone (and hydrocortisone acetate in the form of a suspension) is prescribed for the treatment of rheumatism, bronchial asthma, leukemia, and endocrine and other diseases; it is used locally (most often in the form of a cream) for eczema, neurodermatitis, and eye diseases.

hydrocortisone

[‚hī·drə′kȯrd·ə‚zōn]
(biochemistry)
C21H30O5 The generic name for 17-hydroxycorticosterone; an adrenocortical steroid occurring naturally and prepared synthetically; its effects are similar to cortisone, but it is more active. Also known as cortisol.
References in periodicals archive ?
She had to be treated with cortizone cream and sun blocker around her eyes.
A prospective place in the Olympic Games next August was the powerful incentive to persuade the Worcester doubles ace to undergo two cortizone injections aimed at easing his dodgy back ahead of this week's Yonex All England Open Championships in Birmingham.
Tomorrow night it's a double headliner with metal rock renegades Cycle Fly and Kerrang favourites Cortizone.
Petty has had the stitches removed after his ankle operation a week ago and could play within three weeks while a cortizone injection could solve Frain's knee problem.
Cortizone 10, Aspercreme, Arthritis Hot, Sportscreme, Capzasin; Skin care--Balmex; Oral care--Act mouthwash; Hair care--Selsun Blue, Sun-In, Ultra Swim: Sun care--BullFrog.
Meanwhile, Moors midfielder Jamie Petty could be back in action in Monday's trip to Worcester City after having a cortizone injection to cure an ankle problem.
2%) * Growth Brands Brand Manufacturer Cortizone 10 Chattem Lotrimin AF Bayer Gold Bond Chattem Eucerin Beiersdorf Gold Bond Ultimate Chattem Zanfel Zanfel Laboratories Tecnu Tec Laboratories Tecnu Extreme Tec Laboratories Tricalm Cosmederm Bioscience LamisilAT Novartis Consumer Health Cetaphil Restoraderm Galderma Laboratories Monistat Soothing Care Insight Pharmaceuticals Exederm Bentlin Products MG217 Lake Consumer Products Triderma MD Psoriasis Genuine Virginaloe International Skinfix Skinfix Calaclear Humeo Lab Anti Monkey Butt Clarion Brands Holdings Blistex Ivarest Blistex Brand Dollar Sales % Growth Cortizone 10 $102,372,632 +9.
Clifford has had a cortizone injection to try to ease his ankle injury but Scott is awaiting a scan on his damaged ankle.
Medicated skin care--Gold Bond, Cortizone 10, Aspcrcreme, Arthritis Hot, Sportscreme, Capzasin; Skin care--Balmex; Oral care--Act mouthwash; Hair care--Selsun Blue, Sun-In, Ultra Swim; Sun care--BullFrog, UltraSwim.
While his team-mates were going through their final preparations on Thursday, Turner had to have a cortizone injection to try to cure a problem with a tendon in the underside of his foot.
Chattem's Cortizone 10 is the highest-volume growth brand in the category, according to IRI data, and that company is also represented by its Gold Bond, Gold Bond Ultimate and Allegra brands.