Corumbá (ko͝oro͞ombäˈ), city, Mato Grosso do Sul state, SW Brazil, on the Paraguay River. A river port and a junction point on the railroad to Bolivia, it is a trade center for a large pastoral region. Corumbá exports leather, meat products, iron ore, and manganese and has varied light industries. Founded as a military outpost and colony in 1778, it became strategically important with the opening of the Paraguay River to international trade after the Paraguayan War (1865–70). Nearby are the buttes of Morro do Urucum, which contain vast mineral deposits.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in Brazil, in the state of Mato Grosso, on the border with Bolivia. Population, 81,800 (1970). Corumbá is a port on the Paraguay River, a railroad station, and a highway junction. Its industries include textiles, food-processing (including the production of beer and other beverages), and machine building. Corumbá has a shipyard. The city is a point for transshipping of goods between the interior regions of Brazil and eastern Bolivia. Iron and manganese ores are extracted near Corumbá. The city was founded in 1778.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.