Corvidae


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Corvidae

[′kȯr·və‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of large birds in the order Passeriformes having stout, long beaks; includes the crows, jays, and magpies.

Corvidae

 

a family of birds of the order Passeriformes. The birds are of medium and large dimensions (up to 65 cm in length) with powerful beaks and claws. They have nostrils covered with trichoid feathers (adult rooks are an exception) and straight tails, which are either rounded or stepped. Some members of Corvidae (magpies, tropical magpies, and jays) have very long tails. The plumage is thick and in many species has a metallic luster. There are more than 100 species. They are distributed widely and found everywhere but Antarctica, New Zealand, and certain ocean islands. Their haunts are varied and include forests, steppes, deserts, mountains, and populated areas.

Usually members of Corvidae nest in separate pairs and less frequently in colonies. They are monogamous. They build their nests in trees or bushes, on rocks, and on the roofs of buildings. They lay three to eight speckled eggs once a year in early spring. Most species are roosting and migratory birds. They are omnivorous. Some members of Corvidae are useful as exterminators of murine rodents and harmful insects; others are harmful and damage crops (corn and sunflowers, for example) or destroy the eggs and fledglings of other birds. In the USSR there are 17 species, including the Alpine chough, raven, crow, jackdaw, rook, chough, Siberian jay, magpie, and jay.

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 5. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1954.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

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When presented the opportunity, members of the family Corvidae prey on winter ticks on a variety of ungulates, including moose (Addison et al.
It is therefore likely that the attenuated phenotype of FIN is a result of this threonine amino acid at NS3-249, a mutation that could be relevant for at least 3 different species of birds in the family Corvidae.
The magpie pica pica, belonging to the family corvidae along with other members of the crow family, has carnivorous tendencies.
The chough -also called the Red-leggedCrow in Welsh,or Fire-Crow as its scientific name translates -is of the Corvidae family and is related to the Carrion Crow, theJackdaw and the Raven.
Infection in species within the family Corvidae (e.
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58 Myiozetetes similis (Spix) 1 Pitangus sulphuratus (Linnaeus) 15 CORVIDAE Cyanocorax chrysops (Vieillot) 3 TURDIDAE Turdus amaurochalinus Cabanis 1 Turdus leucomelas (Vieillot) 19 MIMIDAE Mimus saturninus (Lichtenstein) 15 THRAUPIDAE Dacnis cayana (Linnaeus) 15 Lanio cucullatus (Statius Muller) 9 Lanio melanops (Vieillot) 1 Ramphocelus carbo (Pallas) 4 Tachyphonus coronatus (Vieillot) 1 Tangara cayana (Linnaeus) 35 Tangara palmarum (Wied) 7 Tangara sayaca (Linnaeus) 7 Schistochlamys ruficapillus (Vieillot) 12 EMBERIZIDAE Zonotrichia capensis (Statius Muller) 4 Total 209 Species Average visit duration (seconds) RYNCHOCYCLIDAE Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer 135,5 [+ or -] 154,86 (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye) TYRANNIDAE Elaenia sp.
STIRLING (1969), describe a las familias Turdidae, Corvidae, Hirundinidae, Passeridae, Sturnidae y Fringilidae como las mas predispuestas a tener albinismo y, ademas, relaciona la mayor frecuencia de presentacion en aves con mayor contacto social y mayor sedentarismo.
Las familias con menor numero de especies fueron: Odonthophoridae (Perdices), Podicipedidae (Zambullidores), Phalacrocoracidae (Cormoranes), Anhingidae (Patos-aguja), Threskiornithidae (Ibis), Pandionidae (Aguila Pescadora), Charadriidae (Caravanas y Chorlitos), Scolopacidae (Andarrios, Becasinas), Tytonidae (Lechuzas), Strigidae (Buhos), Nyctibiidae (Biemparados), Momotidae (Barranqueros), Grallariidae (Tororoi), Cotingidae (Cotingas, Fruteros) Vireonidae (Verderones - Vireos), Corvidae (Carriquies o Arrendajos), Troglodytidae (Cucaracheros), Cinclidae (Mirlos Acuaticos) y Mimidae (Sinsonte) con una especie cada una respectivamente.
Corvidae, Turdidae, Timaliidae, Muscicapidae, Sylviidae, Paridae, Nectariniidae, and Emberizidae; kh2 = 6.