Corydalis


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Related to Corydalis: Corydalis yanhusuo
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Corydalis

 

a genus of plants of the family Fumariaceae. The plants are herbaceous perennials (often with a subterranean tuber) or, less commonly, biennials or annuals. The alternate leaves are mostly twice-or thrice-ternate. The irregular, spurred flowers are whitish, yellow, violet, or purple; they are gathered in racemes. The fruit is an elongate two-valved capsule.

There are about 300 species, distributed mostly in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. One species occurs in the mountains of tropical Africa. The USSR has about 70 species, mainly in Siberia and the mountains of Middle Asia. C. solida (formerly C. halleri) grows in the European USSR in sparse broadleaf and mixed forests and in shrubbery thickets; C. cava and C. marschalliana are found in shady broadleaf forests. The tubers contain alkaloids, including bulbocapnine and isocory-dine. The plants yield a substantial amount of nectar. Many species are cultivated as ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wang, Antitumor lignanamides from the aerial parts of Corydalis saxicola, Phytomedicine, 23, 1599 (2016).
Reticuline N-oxide (88) was isolated from aerial parts of flowering Corydalis pseudoadunca, and total alkaloid content was 1.39% dry weight (Israilov et al.
In the surveyed area Geranium glaberrimum, Ricoata sinua, Papaver sp., Delphinum cilicium, Corydalis solida and Rubus sanctus were common outside the forest.
Su, "An isoquinoline alkaloid from the Chinese herbal plant Corydalis yanhusuo W.T.
Sederma researchers generated plant cell culture extracts from Corydalis cheilanthifolia and Globularia cord ifolia.
Corydalis armata., Nyctidromus sp., Didelphis marsupialis, Buteo sp.--(Fotos: Jose Omar Lopez y Julian A.
Houghall Horticultural Society, talk, Corydalis in the wild and in your garden, by Brian Whitton, Conference Hall, Houghall Campus, East Durham College, 7.30pm.
1 FUMARIACEAE (Fumitory Family) Corydalis curvisiliqua Engelm.
These species were Arisaema jacquemontii, Artemisia japonica, Astragalus candolleanus, Berberis jaeschkeana, Chenopodium album, Convolvulus arvensis, Corydalis govaniana, Jasminum humile, Raphanus sativus, Saussurea costus, Thymus linearis, Annona squamosa, Pupulia lappacea and Drosera peltata.