Corylus


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Related to Corylus: Corylus americana, Corylus cornuta
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Corylus

 

a genus of deciduous shrubs and, less frequently, trees of the family Corylaceae (or Betulaceae, in a broad sense). The flowers are diclinous and open earlier than the leaves. The staminate flowers are pendulous in catkins, and the pistillate flowers, in biflorate inflorescences. The fruit is a unilocular, monospermous, ligneous nut with a leafy involucre. There are approximately 20 species, distributed in the forest zones of Europe, Asia, and North America. Seven species are found in the USSR. Many species are valuable for their nuts.

The European hazel (Corylus avellana), a shrub or arbuscle measuring up to 8 m in height, has the most economic significance in the European USSR. One shrub yields at least 3 kg of nuts. The European hazel is propagated by seeds, shoots from the stump, root suckers, and cuttings. It lives as long as 80 years. It is the principal type of brush in deciduous forests and in broad-leaved coniferous and high-mountain coniferous forests. C. mandshurica, C. brevituba, and the Siberian filbert (C. heterophylla) are found in the Far East. Several species, including the European hazel, the Turkish hazelnut (C. colurna), C. colchica, and C. pontica are found in the Caucasus. The filbert (C. maxima) is cultivated in the Caucasus and the Crimea.

S. K. CHEREPANOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are two major clades in the tree corresponding to Betuloideae (Alims and Betula', bootstrap support (BS) = 60%) and Coryloideae (Ostryopsis, Corylus, Carpinus, and Os try a: BS = 94%).
Holden et al., "Antibody binding to hazelnut (Corylus avellana) proteins: the effects of extraction procedure and hazelnut source," Food and Agricultural Immunology, vol.
In harsh winter, moose strongly selected young forest and wetter areas to obtain sufficient food resources, such as willow Salix spp., hazel Corylus avellane, and Siberian alder Alnus hirsuta var.
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana) is a nut included in the Mediterranean diet, whose main worldwide producer is Turkey, with just about 63% of the total production in 2012 [4].
Corylus Avellana, although amazing in winter complete with catkins, looks pretty hideous in summer with its dull crinkly leaves.
By this, I am referring to all of the shapes and forms that your garden is composed of, such as tidy rounded shrubs or hedges cut in a geometric design, or even the fascinating outlines of trees such as contorted hazel (Corylus avellana 'Contorta'), weeping European birch, or crabapples and apples.
A hazel tree relict community (Corylus avellana L., Betulaceae) from the Guadiana River Middle Basin (Ciudad Real, Spain)
(2005), reportan embriogenesis somatica en avellana (Corylus sp.), con esta misma combinacion de reguladores de crecimiento y describen la participacion del IBA en la promocion de la induccion de los embriones y del BAP en la promocion del desarrollo en los primeros subcultivos y como principal agente durante el desarrollo polarizado.