Cosimo Tura


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Tura, Cosimo

 

(also Cosme Tura). Born 1429 or 1430 in Guarda Ferrarese, Emilia-Romagna; died there April 1495. Italian painter. Representative of the Ferrarese school of the quattrocento.

Tura studied with Ferrarese and Paduan masters of the mid-15th century and was influenced by the later Donatello and Andrea del Castagno. In 1451, Tura became court artist to the dukes of Este. His work, although typical of the Renaissance in most respects, shows the influence of the late Gothic. Tura’s idiosyncratic use of the late Gothic elements is most apparent in his expressive forms and in the mannered gestures and tense facial expressions of his figures. Tura’s work is characterized by precise, severe drawing and resonant, cold colors. The artist’s principal works are the Allegorical Figure (c. 1462, National Gallery, London), the frescoes of the Palazzo Schifanoia (c. 1470), the Pieta (c. 1472, Correr Museum, Venice), and the Roverella altar-piece (1474), parts of which are housed in the National Gallery in London and in other collections.

REFERENCES

Lazarev, V. N. “Kozimo Tura.” In his book Starye ital’ianskie mastera. Moscow, 1972. Pages 271–308.
Tura: Paintings and Drawings. Edited by E. Ruhmer. New York [1958].
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Contents: David Bomford, "Introduction"; Ashok Roy, Joe Kirby, and Marika Spring, "The Materials of Underdrawing"; Susan Foister, and Lorne Campbell, "The Artists of 'The North': their Drawings and Underdrawings"; Carol Plazzotta and Jill Dunkerton, "Drawing and Design in Italian Renaissance Painting"; Susan Foister, "Stephan Lochner: Saints Matthew, Catherine of Alexandria ana' John the Evangelista"; Jill Dunketton, "Cosimo Tura: SaintJerome" and "Carlo Crivelli: The Dead Christ supported by Two Angels"; Lorne Campbell, "Hans Memling: A Young Man at Prayer" and "Master of the View Of St.