Cosimo de' Medici

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Medici, Cosimo de'

(kô`zēmō dā mĕ`dĭchē, Ital. mā`dēchē), 1389–1464, Italian merchant prince, first of the MediciMedici
, Italian family that directed the destinies of Florence from the 15th cent. until 1737. Of obscure origin, they rose to immense wealth as merchants and bankers, became affiliated through marriage with the major houses of Europe, and, besides acquiring (1569) the title
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 family to rule Florence. He is often called Cosimo the Elder. After the death of his father, Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Cosimo and his family were banished (1433) from Florence by a faction headed by the powerful Albizzi family. He returned a year later and, supported by the people, soon became the acknowledged leading citizen of the republic. An able financier, he vastly expanded the family's banking business. In spite of his lavish expenses for the state, for charities, and for the arts and learning, he doubled his fortune. He respected the republican institutions of the city, always sought popular support, and made his power as little felt as possible. Guiding Florentine foreign policy, he sought a balance of power among the Italian states. From the traditional alliance with Venice against Milan, he shifted to an alliance with the SforzaSforza
, Italian family that ruled the duchy of Milan from 1450 to 1535. Rising from peasant origins, the Sforzas became condottieri and used this military position to become rulers in Milan. The family governed by force, ruse, and power politics.
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 family, helping the Sforzas to gain control over Milan. Cosimo's claim to greatness, however, rests chiefly on his generosity toward artists and scholars. He founded the famous Medici Library and an academy for Greek studies (headed by Marsilio FicinoFicino, Marsilio
, 1433–99, Italian philosopher. Under the patronage of Cosimo de' Medici, Ficino became the most influential exponent of Platonism in Italy in the 15th cent.
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), built extensively in Florence, and protected such artists as BrunelleschiBrunelleschi, Filippo
, 1377–1446, first great architect of the Italian Renaissance, a Florentine by birth. Trained as sculptor and goldsmith, he designed a trial panel, The Sacrifice of Isaac
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, DonatelloDonatello
, c.1386–1466, Italian sculptor, major innovator in Renaissance art, b. Florence. His full name was Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi. In his formative years he assisted Ghiberti in Florence with the bronze doors for the baptistery.
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, GhibertiGhiberti, Lorenzo
, c.1378–1455, Florentine sculptor. He received his early training in the workshop of Bartoluccio. In 1401 he entered the competition for a bronze portal for the baptistery in Florence. He won the contest against his closest rival, Brunelleschi.
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, and Luca della RobbiaDella Robbia
, Florentine family of sculptors and ceramists famous for their enameled terra-cotta or faience. Many of the Della Robbia pieces are still in their original settings in Florence, Siena, and other Italian cities, but the finest collections are in Florence in the
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. After his death Florence voted him the official title Pater Patriae. His son, Piero de' MediciMedici, Piero de'
, 1416–69, Italian merchant prince. He succeeded his father, Cosimo de' Medici, as head of the Medici family and as leader of the Florentine state. His ill health earned him the nickname Il Gottoso [the gouty].
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, known as Il Gottoso [the gouty], succeeded as head of the family.


See biographies by K. D. Vernon (1899, repr. 1970) and K. S. Gutkind (1939).

Cosimo de' Medici:

see Medici, Cosimo de'Medici, Cosimo de'
, 1389–1464, Italian merchant prince, first of the Medici family to rule Florence. He is often called Cosimo the Elder. After the death of his father, Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Cosimo and his family were banished (1433) from Florence by a faction
..... Click the link for more information.
References in periodicals archive ?
And although he was a good way behind the winner, Cosimo De Medici meets him on much better terms this time.
Cosimo de Medici resolved the dilemma that did Godric in: He balanced prosperity in business with charity and philanthropy.
Cosimo de Medici as painted by Benozzo Gozzoli - a detail from a work in the Medici Palace chapel in Florence
That procession too and the whole church council which followed it was paid for by Cosimo de Medici.
Campaigned mostly over middle distances in 2010, Cosimo De Medici got his chance over two miles at Goodwood in May of last year and made no mistake with a neck victory.
Galileo Galilei Michael Winters Andrea Sardi (as a boy) Eli Marienthal Signora Sarti Anne Darragh Ludovico Marsili Fabio Polanco Sagredo/Cardinal Bellarmin James Carpenter Virginia Amy Mordecai Cosimo de Medici (as a boy) Scan O'Connor Federzoni Rod Gnapp Very Old Cardinal/Vanni Robert Sicular Fulganzio the Little Monk Sean San Jose Cardinal Inquisitor Ken Ruta Cardinal Barberini L.
NEWSBOY'S TRIO 1 COSIMO DE MEDICI 2 VEILED 3 AL KHAWANEEJ COSIMO DE MEDICI progressed at marathon distances last year and could find this test right up his street.
Hughie Morrison, trainer of Cosimo De Medici "This has always been his earlyseason target.
He reopposes cosimo de Medici on four pounds better terms which should be enough for him to return to winning ways.
Another big danger, Keys (24) is not drawn well, nor is Cosimo De Medici (33), while Phoenix Flight, not far adrift at Ascot, is in 31.
COSIMO DE MEDICI, one of the ante-post gambles for the Betfred Cesarewitch at Newmarket on Saturday, needs to step up another level if he is to follow up his trial win last month, according to connections.
The following Saturday his stable companion Cosimo De Medici is due to return to Newmarket for the Betfred Cesarewitch, having landed his third win of the year in the trial there on Saturday.