(60) Also derived from the Sanskrit is the Greek form [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] in the sixth-century Greek of Cosmas Indicopleustes. (61) However, this text really shows that the coconut was best known in Iran by its Indian name, since it is introduced with it and then the Persian equivalent is noted.
There is no doubt of the pre-Islamic presence of cloves in the Near East and Mediterranean world; although essentially unknown in classical Roman times, by late antiquity they were reasonably well known, as their mention in Cosmas Indicopleustes and other sources attests.
Instead, it serves as an essential introduction to the subsequent articles, since it summarizes the phases of development of world views in the West from classical times through the late Middle Ages, with emphasis on the schemes of Cosmas Indicopleustes
, Macrobius, Augustine and Isidore of Seville, as well as descriptions of the pervasive trifaria orbis divisio, or T-O map, in which the known lands are represented in the shape of a T surrounded by the orb of the oceans, and the innovative portolano charts that eschewed portrayals of fabulous beings and marvels in favor of practical information for navigators and traders.
Nos referimos a la Topografia Cristiana de Cosmas Indicopleustes. Nuestro estudio solo se ha limitado a senalar algunos detalles relevantes para la comprension de la obra, proponer algunas perspectivas de estudio y, finalmente, despues de establecer cual es la forma del universo "de" Cosmas, algunas apreciaciones personales en torno a la fuente.
La Topografia Cristiana, originalmente, se publico en forma anonima; hasta el siglo XI, cuando aparece en los manuscritos el nombre de Cosmas Indicopleustes, el autor sera conocido solo como "un cristiano", denominacion que responde al deseo de diferenciarse de los "falsos cristianos", aquellos que adhieren a las teorias cosmologicas paganas (6).
1909 The Christian Topography of Cosmas Indicopleustes
, edited with geographical notes by E.O.
Alexandria had, however, a long scholarly tradition, unlike Constantinople, and so this part has a section on the `Christology of the Scholars' which discusses Cyrus and Nonnus of Panopolis, Pamprepius, and (a chapter added since the German edition) Dioscorus of Aphrodito, two exegetes--Ammonius and Olympiodorus, John Philoponus, and Cosmas Indicopleustes
. Much of this, including the brilliant discussion of Philoponus, is by Theresia Hainthaler, to whom, I suspect, we owe it that the continuation of Grillmeier's work is making any progress at all.
Choricius, al hablar del techo de la iglesia de San Sergio, dice que este "imita el cielo visible" (62); asi, existiria un "cielo visible" y un "alto cielo", tal como lo expresa, por ejemplo, Cosmas Indicopleustes, que entre la Tierra -mundo presente- y el Cielo -mundo futuro- existe un velo que los separa, que es el cielo visible, el firmamento (63).
Cosmas Indicopleustes, Topographie Chretienne, II, 19-35-36-48, Trad.
as author of much of the Christian topography the work evinces.
Much of the work was to counter the naive Christian Topography by his Nestorian contemporary, Cosmas Indicopleustes
, a merchant and passionate admirer of Theodore of Mopsuestia.
This means that Homer rubs shoulders with Macrobius and the Hermetica, Cosmas Indicopleustes
with the Didache, and Gnostic and magical texts with Church fathers.