Costa, Lúcio(lo͞o`syo͝o kô`stə), 1902–98, As the principal designer of the city of BrasíliaBrasília
, capital city and federal district of Brazil (2,264 sq mi/5,864 sq km; 1996 pop. 1,817,001), an enclave in the southwest of Goiás state. Inaugurated in 1960, it is situated in the highlands of central Brazil, and its ultramodern public buildings (designed
..... Click the link for more information. (1957), Costa is known for his use of reinforced concrete in designs that combine traditional and modern forms. In Rio de Janeiro, the block of apartments in Guinle Park (1948–54) typifies his streamlined work. The Ministry of Education and Health (1937–42) exhibits his understanding of the effect of climatic considerations on architectural design.
Born Feb. 27, 1902, in Toulon, France. Brazilian architect.
Costa graduated from the National School of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro in 1924. He was. one of the founders of the Brazilian school of modern architecture. Costa drew from functional architecture and from national architectural traditions. His buildings, which have austere silhouettes, have sun-shielding devices that enrich the modeling of the facades. His works include the building of the Ministry of Education and Health (1937–43; in collaboration with O. Niemeyer, A. E. Reidy, and others), residential houses in Rio de Janeiro (1948–54), and the Brazilian Pavilion at the World’s Fair in New York (1939; in collaboration with Niemeyer). Costa designed the general plan for the city of Brasilia (1957).