Costa, Lúcio

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Costa, Lúcio

(lo͞o`syo͝o kô`stə), 1902–98, As the principal designer of the city of BrasíliaBrasília
, capital city and federal district of Brazil (2,264 sq mi/5,864 sq km; 1996 pop. 1,817,001), an enclave in the southwest of Goiás state. Inaugurated in 1960, it is situated in the highlands of central Brazil, and its ultramodern public buildings (designed
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 (1957), Costa is known for his use of reinforced concrete in designs that combine traditional and modern forms. In Rio de Janeiro, the block of apartments in Guinle Park (1948–54) typifies his streamlined work. The Ministry of Education and Health (1937–42) exhibits his understanding of the effect of climatic considerations on architectural design.
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Costa, Lucio

Brazilian architect and urban planner who reconciled traditional Brazilian forms and construction techniques with international modernism, particularly the work of Le Corbusier. His works include the Brazilian pavilion at the 1939 World’s Fair in New York, designed with Oscar Niemeyer; the Parque Guinle residential complex in Rio de Janeiro; and the Hotel do Park São Clemente in Nova Friburgo (1948). Among his major works are also the Ministry of Education and Health, in Rio (1943), designed with Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer, and Roberto Burle Marx, and the Pilot Plan of Brasília.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Costa, Lúcio


Born Feb. 27, 1902, in Toulon, France. Brazilian architect.

Costa graduated from the National School of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro in 1924. He was. one of the founders of the Brazilian school of modern architecture. Costa drew from functional architecture and from national architectural traditions. His buildings, which have austere silhouettes, have sun-shielding devices that enrich the modeling of the facades. His works include the building of the Ministry of Education and Health (1937–43; in collaboration with O. Niemeyer, A. E. Reidy, and others), residential houses in Rio de Janeiro (1948–54), and the Brazilian Pavilion at the World’s Fair in New York (1939; in collaboration with Niemeyer). Costa designed the general plan for the city of Brasilia (1957).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.