We corrected saddle nose deformity with costal cartilage
. This study aimed to assess the results of ninth costal cartilage
for stage III saddle nose deformity, by comparing the pre and post op mean visual analogue score (VAS) which also included self-esteem as one of the parameters.
By 45thday, first seven ribs are connected ventrally to sternum through costal cartilages. Primary ossification centres appear near the angle of each rib in the sixth week and further ossification occurs in a distal direction.
Normally counting of ribs is done from second costal cartilage at sternal angle.
A search was made for patients who showed extensive or complete calcifications of their lower costal cartilages and whose age was below 30 years.
Shelton, "The costal cartilages in health and disease," Radiographics, vol.
Elkeles, "Sex differences in the calcification of the costal cartilages," Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol.
Pai, "Costal cartilage calcification pattern--a clue for establishing sex identity," Forensic Science International, vol.
(15) Similarly, the therapeutic approaches involved in the management of a volleyball player included HVLA manipulation of costovertebral, costotransverse, and intervertebral zygapophyseal joints, instrument assisted soft-tissue mobilization applied directly to the costal cartilage
, and Kinesiotaping of the fifth costal cartilage
and along the third through sixth chondrosternal joints.
Pain and a reproduction of symptoms were produced with palpation of the left pectoralis minor muscle, over the costal cartilage
at rib 3, 4, and 5 on the left, and the left intercostal muscles on the anterior side of the thorax between rib 3 and 4 as well as rib 4 and 5.