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1. an Afro-Asiatic language, written in the Greek alphabet but descended from ancient Egyptian. It was extinct as a spoken language by about 1600 ad but survives in the Coptic Church
2. of or relating to this language
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the latest stage of Egyptian, spanning approximately 1,000 years, with an alphabetic writing system. In the llth and 12th centuries it was dying out and was replaced by Arabic. It has survived among Egyptian Christians as a religious language. The five main dialects are Sahidic (literary language of the fourth to llth centuries), Bohairic (used now by the Copts), Sub-Akhmimic, Akhmimic, and Fayumic.

Coptic possesses a well-developed analytical structure. The 23 consonants are voiceless (with and without aspiration) and resonants; only j is voiced. Voicing is replaced by nasal resonance. The basic vowels are ī, ě, ē, ǎ, ǒ, ō and ū Stress is dynamic. The vocabulary contains a considerable number of Greek elements.


Elanskaia, A. I. Koptskii iazyk. Moscow, 1964.
Morenz, S. “Das Koptische.” In Handbuch der Orientalistik, section 1. Leiden, 1959. Pages 90–104.
Steindorff, G. Lehrbuch der koptischen Grammatik. Chicago, 1951.
Till, W. C. Koptische Grammatik (saidischer Dialekf), 3rd ed. Leipzig, 1966.
Nagel, P. Der Ursprung des Koptischen: Das Altertum, vol. 13, number 2. Berlin, 1967.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
While COTPA provided an early step towards meeting India's FCTC obligations, the country falls short of several of the treaty requirements.
COTPA Director Jason Ferbrache said the federal government is expecting a full study of environmental impact in exchange for the grant, which will include historical areas along the BRT corridor.
He said the Oklahoma City Thunder season ticket holders will no longer be parking there, though COTPA is working with the Thunder to find space for the ticket holders in other garages.
As per the COTPA 2003, smoking in public places is banned.
COTPA Administrator Jason Febrache said during the authority's meeting that people who park in Santa Fe Garage should not be immediately worried about losing parking.
New Delhi [India], Jan 10 ( ANI ): The Delhi Police on Wednesday imposed a fine on 1273 people till 8 pm at various locations across the national capital for smoking in public places under the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA).
It will be bounded by Shields Boulevard, Broadway Avenue, and SW Third and Fourth streets.<br />The $40 million project will be owned and operated by COTPA, but construction costs will be funded as well through MAPS 3 funds: $9 million will come from the Metropolitan Area Projects sales tax; $26 million will come from the authority's revenue bonds and cash fund; and $5 million will come from a loan by the Oklahoma City Economic Development Trust that OG&E has agreed to carry for 20 years at zero interest.<br />Following recommendation of the MAPS 3 citizen advisory board, the City Council approved the allocation of MAPS 3 funds to support the garage in December.
Scroggins said COTPA officials looked at radio-frequency-enabled debit and credit cards for the streetcars, an option that has been incorporated into larger transit systems elsewhere in the country such as New York City's Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
Its a little too early and nebulous to really determine any impact theyve had on our ridership, said Jason Ferbrache, director of COTPA and the Embark bus system in Oklahoma City.
COTPA will issue bonds to fund the project, which is different money than the GO bonds.