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(both: kôt`bo͝os), city (1994 pop. 128,120), Brandenburg, E Germany, on the Spree River. It is an industrial center and rail junction, but one that is heavily polluted with sulfur dioxide. Manufactures include textiles, leather, machinery, and building materials. Cottbus developed as a market center in the late 12th cent. and passed to Brandenburg in the mid-15th cent. It was annexed, with the rest of LusatiaLusatia
, Ger. Lausitz, Pol. Łużyce, region of E Germany and SW Poland. It extends N from the Lusatian Mts., at the Czech border, and W from the Oder River.
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, by Saxony in 1635 and was taken by Prussia in 1815.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a district in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), near the Polish border, in the Middle European plain, in the basin of the Spree River. Area, 8,300 sq km. Population, 861,100 (1970), including Germans and Lusatians (Wends). The administrative center is the city of Cottbus.

Cottbus is an industrial and agricultural district of the GDR. In 1970, 51.6 percent of the economically active population was employed in industry and construction and 14.6 percent was engaged in agriculture and forestry. Cottbus is distinguished by its high rate of development in industry. The district produces more than two-fifths of the output of brown coal (by strip mining in the Lower Lusatian Basin) and half of the production of electric power in the GDR (powerful thermoelectric plants are located in Liibbenau, Vetschau, Schwarze Pumpe, Trattendorf, Lauta, and elsewhere). The chemical industry is well represented in Cottbus District: the Schwarze Pumpe Combine, which is the largest enterprise in the GDR for the processing of brown coal; a chemical coke combine in Lauchhammer; a large synthetic fiber plant in Wilhelm-Pieck-Stadt Guben; and a plant producing synthetic fuel in Schwarzheide. The ceramic and glass industries are also important (particularly in Weisswasser). The traditional textile and knitted-wear industry is significant in Wil-helm-Pieck-Stadt Guben, Forst, and Cottbus.

Crops grown in the district include grains (rye and wheat), potatoes, sugar beets, and fodder. Market gardening is wide-spread in Cottbus District. Dairy livestock and swine are raised. Fishing from ponds is an important industry.




a city in the German Democratic Republic, on the Spree River. Administrative center of Cottbus District. Population, 82,900 (1970).

Cottbus is a river port and a transportation junction. The production of cloth, rugs, and other textile goods takes place in the city. The machine-building, woodworking, and food-processing industries are also represented. There is a textile engineering school in Cottbus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 28th edition of Film Festival Cottbus in Germany will host the screening of Iranian feature 'Yeva' in its Spectrum section.
In 2017, a section of Cottbus supporters made headlines when they directed Nazi salutes and anti-Semitic chants at fans of rivals SV Babelsberg 03, leading to a long-running scandal.
BOCHUM v COTTBUS 7.15pm BOCHUM have won four of their last six league matches and they look worth backing to continue their good run when Energie Cottbus visit the Ruhrstadion, writes Henry Hardwicke.
With the current deal, Cottbus aims at reducing ICT-costs in the medium term.
About 400 people participated in the demonstration in Cottbus. They attempted to reach the housing for the asylum seekers, where a
Connecting Cottbus has been a success; pics that have come out of the event include Bohdan Slama's "Wild Bees" and Serbian film noir "The Trap" by Srdjan Golubovic.
He climbed a fence in front of Cottbus fans and shouted: "Rostock s**t!
HERTHA BERLIN warmed up for their trip to Dublin with a shock 1-0 home defeat to Energie Cottbus.
PLAYERS from German club Energie Cottbus are to reimburse the entrance fees of fans who travelled to see them beaten 4-0 by Schalke last week.
Midfielders: Stilian Petrov (A Villa), Stanislav Angelov (Cottbus), Dimitar Telkiyski (Hapoel Tel Aviv), Velizar Dimitrov (Metalurg), Blagoy Georgiev (Terek Grozny), Radostin Kishishev (Litex Lovech).
A first-half brace from Nils Peterson and a goal from Shao Jiayi gave Cottbus a commanding interval lead and, although in-demand Edin Dzeko pulled one back for Wolfsburg after the break, it was not enough.