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(vertebrate zoology)
The sculpins, a family of perciform fishes in the suborder Cottoidei.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(sculpins), a family of fishes of the order Scorpae-niformes. The fishes have a large head and two dorsal fins (the first being the shorter of the two). The body is usually naked but sometimes has bony platelets or knobs. Some species reach a length of 60-75 cm and weigh several kg; there also are dwarf species measuring only 5 or 6 cm long.

There are approximately 200 species of Cottidae, embracing 60 genera. There are more species of Cottidae in the USSR (about 100) than of any other fish family. They are found primarily in the northern hemisphere in temperate and cold seas and freshwaters; the southern hemisphere has only two species of the genus Antipodocottus.

Myoxocephalus scorpius, a marine species that usually reaches a length of 25 cm, is found in the coastal waters of the Barents and White seas. It feeds on various invertebrates and fish, and it spawns in the winter, with the male guarding the eggs. M. quadricornis inhabits the brackish coastal waters of the circumpolar region; there are relict freshwater forms in the larger lakes of Eurasia and North America. Cottus gobio, a freshwater species measuring up to 12 cm long, inhabits the rivers and lakes of Europe, from the Northern Pyrenees to the Ural Ridge. It serves as food for pike, trout, and burbot; it feeds on the roe of these same fish. C. gobio also eats various invertebrates. Spawning occurs in the winter and spring, with the male guarding the roe. Lake Baikal is the home of 24 endemic species of miller’s thumb (they are sometimes divided into a separate family). Marine species of the family Cottidae are of some commercial value.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, from the osteological and sensorial point of view, it is considered that the connection of the third infraorbital bone to the preoperculum, and the presence of a tabular bone for the occipital sensorial canal over the parietal bone (Yabe & Uyeno, 1996), constitute a substantial difference between Cottidae and Normanichthyidae.
Comparative life histories and microhabitat use in three sympatric sculpins (Cottidae: Cottus) in northeastern California.
2 0.02 (0.02) Sebastes dalli 5 0.04 (0.03) Paralabrax clathratus 1 0.02 (0.02) Unidentified Cottidae 3 0.00 (0.00) Leiocottus hirundo 4 0.00 (0.00) Neoclinus blanchardi 1 0.02 (0.02) Ophiodon elongatus 5 0.04 (0.03) Paralichthys californicus 1 0.00 (0.00) Sebastes atrovirens 3 0.02 (0.02) Unidentified fishes 3 0.07 (0.05) Gibbonsia spp.
The taxonomic families present in >20% of samples included Pleuronectidae (60.80%), Clupeidae (36.18%), Osmeridae (25.57%), and Cottidae (21.31%).
However, Slimy Sculpin are widely spread throughout the coldwater streams of New York and are one of three representatives of the Cottidae in the state (Craig and Wells, 1976; Smith, 1985).
Prey family or group Prey species Gadidae Unidentified gadid species Walleye Pollock Clupeidae Herring (2) American Shad (Aloca sapidissima) Salmonidae Juvenile Chinook Salmon Juvenile salmon species Adult Chinook Salmon Adult salmon species Cottidae Pacific Staghorn Sculpin Ammodytidae Pacific Sand Lance (3) Embiotocidae Shiner Perch Rajidae Skate species Scorpaenidae Juvenile rockfish species Adult rockfish species Biomass reconstruction estimates for prey of breeding seals No.
In coastal waters of western Alaska in summer, belugas consume saffron cod (Eleginus gracilis), sculpins (Family Cottidae), and various salmon species (Seaman et al., 1982), while in the Mackenzie River estuary, they consume arctic cisco (Coregonus autumnalis), burbot (Low iota), and whitefish (Coregonus spp.) (Harwood and Smith, 2002).
Other parthenogenetic vertebrates occur among fishes in the families Poecilidae, Atherinidae, Cottidae, and Cyprinidae, and amphibians in the families Ambystomatidae and Ranidae (Vrijenhoek et al., 1989), but sperm from males of syntopic bisexual species are required to fuse with eggs from hybridogenetic females (Wright, 1993).
(2) 272 0.844 0.644 (black and golden redhorse) Ictaluridae Ameurus melas (black bullhead) 1 0.003 0.005 Salmonidae Salmo trutta (brown trout) 4 0.012 0.059 Gasterosteidae Culaea inconstans 11 0.034 0.042 (brook stickleback) Cottidae Cottus bairdii (mottled sculpin) 778 2.413 2.479 Centrarchidae Ambloplites rupestris 52 0.161 0.166 (rock bass) Lepomis spp.
Life history and food habits of the grubby, Myoxocephalus aeneus (Cottidae), in a Cape Cod estuary.
you will try to help us out." Evidently Hemingway complied with this specific though somewhat peremptory request, for Fowler's next communication thanked Hemingway for "the head of the Wahoo with the gills." The thanks took concrete form: Fowler sent-Hemingway a scientific paper he had written about a new sculpin (family Cottidae) which Fowler had named for Hemingway (4 June 1935).(5)