cottonseed oil

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cottonseed oil:

see cottoncotton,
most important of the vegetable fibers, and the plant from which the fiber is harvested. The Cotton Plant

The cotton plant belongs to the genus Gossypium of the family Malvaceae (mallow family).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cottonseed Oil


a rich vegetable oil obtained from the seeds of the cotton plant (Gossypium) by pressing or extraction.

The specific component of cottonseed oil is the pigment gossypol, a toxic substance; the gossypol content determines the color and quality of the oil. Unrefined cottonseed oil is a reddish brown liquid, sometimes almost black in color, with a unique odor and bitter taste. Refined cottonseed oil has a straw yellow color.

The chemical composition and properties of cottonseed oil depend on the variety of cotton and the region and conditions of cultivation. Cottonseed oil contains 40–48 percent linoleic acid, 30–35 percent oleic acid, 20–22 percent palmitic acid, up to 2 percent stearic acid, up to 1.3 percent arachidic acid, and 0.3–0.4 percent myristic acid. It has an iodine value of 100–116 and a kinematic viscosity of 66.6 × 10–6 m2/sec at 20°C. Cottonseed oil is used to produce drying oil; refined cottonseed oil is a foodstuff and is used in the production of canned goods, margarine, and shortening.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cottonseed oil

[′kät·ən‚sēd ‚ȯil]
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition Egyptian cotton seed were started to crush in Europe at small level in early 19th Century while in America the first cotton seed oil production was attempted in 1768.
The specific gravity, refrective index, optical rotation, acid value and ester values for essential oils of different species of umbelliferae family are given in table 1 where as peroxide values of cotton seed oil after addition of 0.01% different essial oil at the temperature 40oC presented in Table 2.
Constant speed performance is conducted at different injection pressure of diesel, cotton seed oil and blends of cotton seed oil- diesel.
He appealed to the prime minister to withdraw the tax proposal on cotton and cotton seed oil cakes.
The ratings, however, take comfort from the favourable location at Gondal (Rajkot) with availability of high quality raw material, the favourable demand outlook for edible oil in India and the strong market for cotton seed oil in Gujarat.
RAPESEED 4000.00/4250.00 RAPESEED OIL CAKE2325.00/2375.00 RAPESEED OIL10500.00/10750.00 COTTON SEED COTTON SEED OIL
RAPESEED 4500.00/4750.00 RAPESEED OIL CAKE2300.00/2375.00 RAPESEED OIL10770.00/11000.00 COTTON SEED COTTON SEED OIL