Council of People's Commissars


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Council of People’s Commissars

 

until 1946, the highest executive and administrative organ of state power in the USSR, the Union republics, and the autonomous republics.

The first Council of People’s Commissars, headed by V. I. Lenin, was established at the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets. Under the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918, it was named the Council of People’s Commissars of the RSFSR. In July 1923, after the formation of the USSR, the first Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR was established, with V. I. Lenin as chairman. Under the Constitution of the USSR of 1924, the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR was established by decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR, and those of the Union republics and autonomous republics by the central executive committees of corresponding republics. Under the Constitution of the USSR of 1936, the councils of people’s commissars of the USSR, the Union republics, and the autonomous republics were established by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and by the supreme soviets of the republics, respectively.

The Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR had within its competence the coordination and guidance of the work of people’s commissariats on the all-Union and Union republic levels; the implementation of measures to meet the national economic plan, manage the state budget, strengthen the credit and monetary system, and maintain public order; and the general direction of foreign relations.

In March 1946 the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR was reorganized as the Council of Ministers of the USSR, and the councils of people’s commissars in the Union republics and autonomous republics were correspondingly reorganized as the councils of ministers in those republics.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1936, the Council of People's Commissars of Azerbaijan SSR decided to separate the Art department from the Azerbaijan State Museum and organized it as an independent museum.
During the upheaval of the Russian Revolution, half of the books were seized by the Bolsheviks and nationalized according to the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of 1918, eventually landing in the archives of Moscow's national Lenin Library.
Welfare reformer Vladimir Lenin can have the Department of Communities and rename it the Council of People's Commissars.
During 1940-1944 he served as Vice Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars (Cabinet of Ministers).After internship in the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1944 to 1949 he served as First People's Commissioner of Foreign Affairs (Foreign Minister) and at the same time Vice Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kirghiz SSR.From 1949 to 1958 he was Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party for Industry and Construction and then served as First Secretary of Chui Oblast Committee of the Communist Party of the Kirghiz SSR.During 1958-1961 he was the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kirghiz SSR.From 1961 to 1986 served as Vice Chairman of the State Planning Ministry of the Kirghiz SSR.Kazy Dikambaev retired in 1986.
It adopted the name TASS in 1909, and eight years later came under the control of the Bolshevik-led Council of People's Commissars.
Riby's point that, during the early part of Lenin's tenure in power, the party was hardly given "a vanguard role": the Central Committee met far less frequently than the Council of People's Commissars. Neverthelss, the leadership's fundamental contempt for liberalism and civil rights encouraged the Bolshevik cadres to treat all enemies with the utmost prejudice.
The Art department was separated from the Azerbaijan State Museum in 1936 and organized as an independent museum by decision of the Council of People's Commissars.

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