Council of the European Union

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Council of the European Union

Council of the European Union, institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws. Headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, the Council was established as the Council of Ministers of the European Communities in 1967, when the EU's predecessor, the European Community, was formally constituted. Its name was changed to the Council of the European Union in 1993.

The council is composed of one minister from the government of each EU nation. Membership is fluid, with each government sending the minister appropriate to the subject then under consideration by the council. The foreign minister is generally regarded as the coordinator and main representative of each government's delegation. The presidency of the council rotates among the member nations. Much of the council's work is prepared by a general secretariat and the Committee of Permanent Representatives, or COREPER, composed of officials from the national governments. Although unanimity of the council is still required in some cases, the Single European Act (1987) increased the council's ability to make decisions based on a majority vote, and that ability has since been expanded; voting is done using a system that requires both a majority of nations and population.

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References in periodicals archive ?
(35.) "EEC-Turkey Association Agreement and Protocols and Other Basic Texts," Council of the European Communities, (Brussels, 1992), retrieved April 28, 2018, from, pp.
[4] Council of the European Communities, "Directive 2000/60/EC establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy," Official Journal of European Union, vol.
The main document regulating the issue at this stage was the Council Directive 89/48/EEC on a general system for the recognition of higher-education diplomas awarded on completion of professional education and training of at least three years' duration (Diploma Directive) (The Council of the European Communities 1988).
Article 87 of the Treaty obliges the Council of the European Communities to adopt appropriate regulations or directives to give effect to the principles set out in articles 85 and 86.(5)

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