Council of the European Union


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Council of the European Union,

institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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 and approved by the European ParliamentEuropean Parliament,
an institution of the governing body of the European Union (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.
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; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws. Headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, the Council was established as the Council of Ministers of the European Communities in 1967, when the EU's predecessor, the European Community, was formally constituted. Its name was changed to the Council of the European Union in 1993.

The council is composed of one minister from the government of each EU nation. Membership is fluid, with each government sending the minister appropriate to the subject then under consideration by the council. The foreign minister is generally regarded as the coordinator and main representative of each government's delegation. The presidency of the council rotates among the member nations. Much of the council's work is prepared by a general secretariat and the Committee of Permanent Representatives, or COREPER, composed of officials from the national governments. Although unanimity of the council is still required in some cases, the Single European Act (1987) increased the council's ability to make decisions based on a majority vote, and that ability has since been expanded; voting is done using a system that requires both a majority of nations and population.

References in periodicals archive ?
eu , citizens can fill in a questionnaire on the agenda of the future Presidency of Romania at the Council of the European Union and can promote the Presidency through social networking.
The Council of the European Union decided, via the written procedure on 2 September, to impose an EU-wide embargo on imports of Syrian oil.
A spokesman at a Jewish-Christian-Muslim inter-faith conference held in Hungary and sponsored by the Council of the European Union, reported that the number of Christians killed every year for their faith is 105,000, and that number includes "only those put to death simply because they are Christian" It does not include victims of civil or international wars.
The hard-line party said in a statement that the decision of the Swiss federal Council in this regard have been erroneous, depending on the derisions of the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union.
The Council of the European Union (EU) has authorized the signing of the "Agreement between the European Union and the United States of America on the processing and transfer of Financial Messaging Data from the European Union to the United States for purposes of the Terrorist Finance Tracking Program.
At their meeting Monday, EU Ambassador Erwan Fouere and SDSM president Branko Crvenkovski concluded that the scenario of Croatia and Slovenia was a precedent at the Council of the European Union, which will not be repeated in Macedonia's case.
STUDENTS from north and south Wales will hold a mock meeting of the Council of the European Union in Cardiff tomorrow.
Summary: The External Relations Council of the European Union (EU) and foreign ministers of EU member states expressed concern about the situation in Lebanon in a statement issued after their meeting in Brussels on Monday.
The action was taken by the Council of the European Union at its meeting in Brussels on March 27.
On June 13, 2002, the Framework Decision on the European Arrest Warrant and Surrender Procedures between Members States of the European Union (EAW) was adopted by the Council of the European Union.
In February 2003, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2003) published Directive 2003/10/EC on minimum safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to noise.
The names of the European Commission (the governing body of the EU), the European Parliament and the European Court of Justice remain the same, but the Council of the European Union replaces the Council of Ministers.

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