Council of the Indies


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Council of the Indies

 

(Consejo de Indias; official name, Royal Council and Board of War of the Indies), the high legislative, executive, and judicial body that from the 16th to 19th centuries carried out Spain’s colonial policies in the Americas (referred to as “the Indies” in Spanish documents until the 18th century), Oceania, and Asia. Established in 1511, the Council of the Indies consisted of a president, a chancellor, eight councillors, a procurator general, two secretaries, a cosmographer, a mathematician, and a historian. It had charge of such matters as finances, the conclusion of capitulations (treaties) with the conquistadores, the conversion of Indians to Christianity, the provisioning of expeditions, and the selection of military, ecclesiastical, and civil personnel. It was through the Council of the Indies that Spain plundered newly discovered lands and exploited the native population in its overseas possessions. The Council of the Indies existed until 1809 and at intervals thereafter (1810–20,1823–34, and 1846–47); it was permanently abolished in 1847.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In accordance with this resolution a cedula was promulgated on June 7, 1687, directing the Philippine audiencia to make an investigation of the friar lands of the islands and to report to the council of the Indies on the amount, value and rental of all properties held by the religious orders.
In March 1803, Carlos IV convened the Council of the Indies to look into an epidemic of smallpox in South America and study a way to introduce a vaccine throughout the empire.
Bourbon efforts to appoint members to the Council of the Indies with experience in the New World filled its ranks with officials who tended to be more knowledgeable of American realities.
When Cabeza de Vaca's men mutinied, he was sent back to Spain in chains to stand trial before the Royal Council of the Indies.
The Spanish king vigorously instituted the reform measures agreed upon at Trent throughout his realms, and in the American colonies, through the Council of the Indies. J.H.
In this analysis, Alvarez offers praise for Palafox, but he is not afraid to comment critically when Palafox made mistakes that ultimately contributed to a denunciation of his reform efforts when the Council of the Indies ordered him to return to Spain.
With Olivares's support, he gained a position on the Council of the Indies, and then became visitor-general for New Spain and Bishop of Puebla de los Angeles, that viceroyalty's richest diocese.
This relative harmony, however, was threatened by the appointment of Luis de Las Casas as Governor-General in 1790 by the inept Charles IV, and the rise of influence by pro-sugar elite groups led by Francisco de Arango y Parreno who had pronounced his famous Discurso Sobre la Agricultura to the Council of the Indies in 1789 advocating the development of a Cuban slave/sugar complex on the British and French models.
His close friend Juan de Ibarra, who held a position of influence at the Council of the Indies in Seville, dissuaded Antonelli from this course.
Although both the Council of the Indies, an advisory body of experienced administrators, and the ministry in The Hague had tried to change the government's attitude, the Indies government had stuck to its earlier position.(58) It wanted to introduce the vote for European women only.

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