Countersignature

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Countersignature

 

in the state law of some bourgeois states, the signing by the premier or other authorized minister of a normative act of parliament or of the head of state, thereby giving the act legal force. Countersignature is provided for in the constitutions of all bourgeois parliamentary countries (for example, the Italian Constitution, art. 89). In France since 1962, that is, since the institution of direct presidential elections, presidential decrees do not enter into force without countersignature by the premier. The most important decrees of the French premier must, in turn, have the countersignature of the appropriate ministers as a sign of their agreement with the given decree.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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CIAB has a similar case pending against Nevada's counter-signature law.
The idea of medical vetting was discussed at the inquiry - gun licence applications at present need a counter-signature, and doctors are one of eight categories of people specified for this purpose.
The court also found that some forms had alterations yet there were no counter-signatures as required by the law.