counter-revolution

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counter-revolution

concerted, violent actions by social groups to reverse REVOLUTION. Often such actions are taken by groups ousted from power and can lead to civil war. A major example in the 20th century was the Russian Civil War from 1917 to 1921 with the counter-revolutionary Whites fighting against the BOLSHEVIK revolution.
References in periodicals archive ?
The companies including aluminum and steel producers have had losses during the recent slide in prices and workers threatening to strike over benefits are acting as counter-revolutionaries, he said.
The Terror was not an inevitable outcome of revolution, he argues, but was the result of dogmatic and fundamentalist thinking and dreadful decisions by a group of people whose survival was threatened by famine, external war, and counter-revolutionaries.
The avowed intention of their leader, Jacques-Pierre Brissot, was to polarize French politics, oblige the counter-revolutionaries to emerge into open opposition, and force the monarchy either to capitulate to the revolutionaries or to face its own destruction.
The first counter-revolutionaries were fierce partisans of the European Old Regime who denounced any reliance upon individual reason or appeals to consent within the political realm.
In order to do so, of course, the author has to assume that there is a line that connects the counter-revolutionaries of the late eighteenth century, through the various leagues and movements of the Third Republic, continuing with Vichy, and culminating with Jean-Marie Le Pen's National Front.
It was during the 1970s that Southern counter-revolutionaries first began to win important victories in national politics--ironically, by exploiting one of the proudest achievements of the New Deal, the industrialization of the agrarian periphery.
By combining traditional authority with modern forms of mass appeal, counter-revolutionaries sought to limit reforms and manipulate popular loyalties and social control through police, religious activities and educational institutions.
Fortified and inspired by these victories, the Vendean counter-revolutionaries, known as the "Royal Catholic Army of France," crushed an entire division at Beaupreau on April 22nd.
I warned here three weeks ago that the People's Republic in South Yorkshire would fall to the counter-revolutionaries because of the council's anti-car policy.