She and the other three housemaids had been advised that the Earl and Countess of Shrewsbury
, having honeymooned on the continent a few months ago, and currently at Alton Towers, 20 miles away, would be wintering at Ingestre Hall.
The mansion was the home of Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury
, the second most powerful woman in Tudor England, after Elizabeth I (right).
Its patron, Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury
, commonly known as Bess of Hardwick, has been celebrated as a formidable patron of early modern Europe.
French examines the landscape gardens designed by Elizabeth Talbot, Countess of Shrewsbury
, famously known as Bess of Hardwick.
The Earl of Shrewsbury, when not ?ghting ill-considered duels with the Duke of Buckingham over the affections of his wife, Anna Maria, Countess of Shrewsbury
, might have spent some of his leisure time at West Lodge Farm.
Built by Bess of Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury
who was Elizabethan England's second richest woman.
1 The real, four-times married Bess of Hardwick (c1527-1608) and Countess of Shrewsbury
was a formidable Elizabethan who built the original Chatsworth and the magnificent near-by Hardwick Hall, while Chaucer's creation, The Wife of Bath, from The Canterbury Tales is described thus: "She was a worthy woman al hir lyfe/Hosbondes at chirche dore had she five." 2 The main connectors of the world-wide computer network are i) telephone cables, ii) optical fibres, iii) microwaves.
When she breathed her last, between 5pm and 6pm on the evening of February 13th, 1608, Bess, Countess of Shrewsbury
, builder of the magnificent Chatsworth and Hardwick Hall in Derbyshire, and prominent player in the machinations of the Elizabethan court, was probably the richest woman in England.
At Vespers at St George's, Southwark, he was introduced to twenty-one year old Woods by the dowager Countess of Shrewsbury
. She and her late husband, a leading layman and generous benefactor to the church, were Willson's friends from earlier years.
The dramatic lives of handkerchiefs become more meaningful when they are set in context with the various "real" lives of "handkerchers." In 1589, Edward Whalley recorded in the Countess of Shrewsbury
's account book a disbursement of twenty-six shillings "for two fayre wrought Cutt handcarcheffes unedged or made upp" and an additional disbursement of five shillings five pence "for twoe garnishe of buttons th[e] one of silver the other of very fyne threede and for lace of silver and of threede to hyme upp the sayde two handcarcheefes."  A 1593 entry in Henslowe's diary records that he lent ten shillings for five "wrought handkarchers." Three were made of lawn, two of holland; three were edged with gold, and two were edged with silk.
Covering as much interior surface as the famous windows by Smythson--by which the house is knownthrough its jingle, "Hardwick Hall, more glass than wall"--the embroideries and other cloth hangings made by Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury
, her women, and her professional male embroiderers, are often of militant female virtues as well as more passive kinds.
Mazzola's focus on writing as one of several kinds of material legacies of women in the period is a fertile one, and enables a series of chapters on selected artefacts of four women: Elizabeth I; Mary Stuart (Queen of Scots); Elizabeth Talbot, Countess of Shrewsbury
(Bess of Hardwick); and Arbella Stuart.