Salford (sŏlˈfərd, sôlˈ–), city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 96,525), NW England, located in the Manchester metropolitan area on the Irwell River. Salford was long an important textile center; many Port of Manchester docks were located in the confines of the city. Some of the former docklands are now the site of the Lowry Center, a huge complex of galleries, theaters, and other facilities. The city also has an unusual number of parks and recreation grounds. Predominant industries include chemicals, plastics, and electronic equipment. Made a free town in 1230, Salford also included the town of Manchester in the Middle Ages. The Univ. of Salford specializes in science and technology.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in Great Britain, in the county of Greater Manchester. Population, 125,300 (1973). The main docks of the port of Manchester along the Manchester Ship Canal are in Salford. Salford has enterprises for the production of machinery, including industrial looms and electrical-engineering equipment. Other enterprises produce clothing, chemicals, and foodstuffs, including beer. Printing is also important.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. a city in NW England in Salford unitary authority, Greater Manchester, on the Manchester Ship Canal: a major centre of the cotton industry in the 19th century; extensive dock area, now redeveloped, includes the Lowry arts centre; university (1967). Pop.: 72 750 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in NW England, in Greater Manchester. Pop.: 216 500 (2003 est.). Area: 97 sq. km (37 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005