Mayo

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Mayo,

county (1991 pop. 110,696), 2,084 sq mi (5,398 sq km), W Republic of Ireland. The county seat is CastlebarCastlebar
, town (1991 pop. 7,648), seat of Co. Mayo, W Republic of Ireland. It is a market for a farm area. Cured bacon and manufactured hats are products of the town, and Lough Castlebar is a fishing center. Castlebar was occupied by the French in 1798.
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. The western portion, including large Achill island, is mountainous; the eastern part is more level. There are numerous lakes (Mask, Carrowmore, Cullen, Conn, and Carra), and the irregular coast line is deeply indented by bays (Killala, Broadhaven, Blacksod, and Clew). Oats and potatoes are grown; cattle, sheep, pigs, and poultry are raised. Bacon curing, woolens manufacturing, and flour milling are carried on. Tourism is developing. The region was granted to the De Burghs after the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland, but the county was not brought fully under English control until the late 16th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mayo

 

a family of American surgeons.

William Worrall Mayo. Born May 31, 1819, in Manchester, England; died Mar. 6, 1911, in Rochester, Minn.

Mayo was educated as a chemist at Owens College in Manchester under J. Dalton. In 1845 he moved to the USA. He studied medicine in Lafayette, Ind., and received his M.D. in 1854 at the University of Missouri in St. Louis. In 1863 he became a surgeon in Rochester, where he founded St. Mary’s Hospital in 1883. Mayo, who is known for his works on abdominal surgery, was among the first physicians in the USA to use the microscope for medical diagnosis.

William James Mayo. Born June 29, 1861, in Le Sueur, Minn.; died July 28, 1939, in Rochester.

After graduating from the University of Michigan in 1883, Mayo became a surgeon at St. Mary’s Hospital, which was founded by his father, W. W. Mayo. In 1889 he and his brother C. H. Mayo founded a complex of clinics on the basis of St. Mary’s—now the world-famous Mayo Clinic. In 1915 the brothers established the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, which includes a medical school, a postgraduate training institute, and a number of research institutes.

Mayo’s principal works dealt with abdominal surgery and urology. He was the author of works on the philosophy and organization of medicine. He was president of the American Medical Association (1906–07) and the American Surgical Association (1913–14) and an honorary member of many scientific organizations in the USA and more than 20 other countries.

Charles Horace Mayo. Born July 19, 1865, in Rochester; died May 26, 1939, in Chicago.

Mayo received his medical education in Chicago (1888). In 1889 he became chief of surgery at the Mayo Clinic. From 1919 to 1936 he was a professor at the postgraduate training institute and medical school of the Mayo Foundation. He was chief consultant of the surgical service of the USA during World War I (1914–18) and brigadier general in the medical reserves. His principal works dealt with various problems of surgery (operations for goiter, ureter transplant, operations on the bile ducts) and with the organization and administration of medical centers. He was president of the American Medical Association (1916–17) and the American College of Surgeons (1914–15) and an honorary member of many societies in the USA and abroad.

WORKS

Mayo, C. H. “Surgery of the Liver, the Gallbladder and the Biliary Ducts.” In W. W. Keen (ed.), Surgery, vol. 3. Philadelphia-London, 1908.
The Thyroid Gland. St. Louis, 1925. (With H. W. Plummer.)

REFERENCES

Wilson, L. B. “W. Worrall Mayo: A Pioneer Surgeon of the Northwest.” Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, 1927, vol. 44, May.
Linberg, B. E. Amerikanskaia khirurgicheskaia klinika (po lichnym vpechatleniiam). Moscow, 1929. [Charl’z i Uil’iam Meio.] (Obituary.) Novyi khirurgicheskii arkhiv, 1939, vol. 45, book 2.
ludin, S. S. “Brat’ia Meio po lichnym vospominaniiam.” Khirurgiia, 1940, nos. 2–3.

R. S. RABINOVICH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Mayo

1
a family of US medical practitioners. They pioneered group practice and established (1903) the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Foremost among them were William Worrall Mayo (1819--1911), his sons William James Mayo (1861--1939) and Charles Horace Mayo (1865-- 1939), and Charles's son, Charles William Mayo (1898--1968)

Mayo

2
a county of NW Republic of Ireland, in NW Connacht province, on the Atlantic: has many offshore islands and several large lakes. County town: Castlebar. Pop.: 117 446 (2002). Area: 5397 sq. km (2084 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
He travelled to Scotland, then by ferry to Belfast, before finally reaching County Mayo where his wife and children joined him.
As part of his trip, on August 25 and 26, the Pope will visit Knock, in County Mayo.
The unmarried, retired construction worker, from County Mayo, suffered third-degree burns to 65% of his body.
On Saturday they go to Mweelrea, County Mayo (2,688ft) and on Sunday aim to conquer Slieve Donard in County Down (2,796ft) and Lugnaquilla, County Wicklow (3,039ft).
Tehran-born Marsha Mehran, who wrote a hugely successful debut novel centered on Iranian expatriates in Ireland, was found dead last Wednesday in her apartment in an Irish village in remote County Mayo.
Knocking on Mayo A new Ryanair route will fly to Knock in Ireland's County Mayo next summer from Prestwick Airport.
Durkin, of Dedham, formerly of Everett and County Mayo, Ireland, died July 24.
SCUFFLE: Shell to Sea activists clash with Garda during a road block near Erris, County Mayo.
Scuffles broke out as a convoy escorted the specialist tunnelling equipment from Dublin to the Sruwaddacon Estuary in County Mayo. Shell To Sea campaigners against the Corrib gas project managed to block the road with a van near Erris.
Yno fe fydd yn pysgota ym Mae Clew, County Mayo yng nghwmni ei gydgyflwynydd a'i gyd-bysgotwr yn ystod y gyfres, Rhys Llywelyn.
The Italian will take on the 2,510ft County Mayo pilgrimage if he can achieve one of his career highlights and make next year's World Cup in South Africa.