Staffordshire

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Staffordshire

(stăf`ərdshĭr), county (1991 pop. 1,020,300), 1,157 sq mi (2,997 sq km), W central England. The county seat is StaffordStafford,
city (1991 pop. 60,915) and district, Staffordshire, W central England, on the Sow River, above its junction with the Trent. Stafford's chief industry is the manufacture of electrical goods; other products are concrete, shoes and shoe-repairing machinery, and salt.
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. Administratively, Staffordshire is divided into the districts of Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Lichfield, Newcastle-under-Lyme, South Staffordshire, Stafford, Staffordshire Moorlands, and Tamworth. The terrain is gently undulating except for a district of rugged moorlands in the north. The principal river is the Trent, which has various tributaries.

Much of the land is devoted to cattle pasturage. In the north the PotteriesPotteries, the,
area, c.9 mi (15 km) long and 3 mi (4.8 km) wide, Staffordshire, W central England, extending northwest-southeast in the upper Trent valley. The area includes Stoke-on-Trent and part of Newcastle-under-Lyme.
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 district, centered at Stoke-on-TrentStoke-on-Trent,
city and unitary authority (1991 pop. 272,446), W central England. Stoke-on-Trent forms the bulk of the area known as the Potteries. Situated in a coal field, the city is the center of the Staffordshire pottery-making industry.
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 (now administratively separate), is known for its manufacture of fine china (Wedgwood and Spode), glass, bricks, and clay pottery. The Black CountryBlack Country,
highly industrialized region, historically mostly in Staffordshire but partly in Worcestershire and Warwickshire, W central England. It includes Dudley, Rowley Regis (see Warley), Tipton, Walsall, Wednesbury, West Bromwich, and Wolverhampton.
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, with its formerly extensive coal fields, foundries, and iron and steel mills, was historically largely in the county's south. Burton upon TrentBurton upon Trent,
urban area (1991 pop. 47,930), Staffordshire, W central England, on the Trent River and the Grand Trunk Canal. Brewing, begun there by Benedictine monks, is the most famous industry. From the 11th cent.
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 is famous for its breweries, and LichfieldLichfield,
town (1991 pop. 25,408) and district, Staffordshire, W central England. Lichfield is a market town with light industries, famous for its three-spired cathedral and its close associations with Dr. Samuel Johnson, who was born there in 1709.
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 for its cathedral. The Univ. of Keele is at Keele. The region was once a part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of MerciaMercia
, one of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, consisting generally of the region of the Midlands. It was settled by Angles c.500, probably first along the Trent valley.
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. In 1974, Staffordshire was reorganized as a nonmetropolitan county.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Staffordshire

 

a county in Great Britain; located in the Trent River basin, partly in the Midlands and partly in the foothills of the Pennine Range. Area, 3,000 sq km. Population, 984,600 (1973). The most important city is Stafford.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Staffordshire

a county of central England: lowlands in the east and south rise to the Pennine uplands in the north; important in the history of industry, coal and iron having been worked at least as early as the 13th century. In 1974 the industrial area in the S passed to the new county of West Midlands; Stoke-on-Trent became an independent unitary authority in 1997. Administrative centre: Stafford. Pop. (excluding Stoke-on-Trent): 811 000 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Stoke-on-Trent): 2624 sq. km (1013 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
200 YEARS AGO: In the night of Friday last, the warehouse belonging to William Pitchfork, of Tipton in the county of Stafford, was broken open and upwards of one hundredweight of roasted coffee stolen thereout.
200 YEARS AGO: Whereas in the night of Friday last the Warehouse belonging to William Pitchfork, of Tipton, in the county of Stafford, was broken open and upwards of one hundred weight of roasted coffee stolen thereout.
200 YEARS AGO: Whereas a small building erected for the purpose of storing a few barrels of gunpowder for the use of the lime works in the parish of Rushall, in the county of Stafford, were broken open some time in the night of Tuesday and about 300 pounds of gunpowder was taken.
200 YEARS AGO: Whereas on Sunday night, the Malthouse of Darlaston, in the county of Stafford, was entered by means of picklock keys and other instruments, and three bushels of mixed corn, three bushels of Barley and four bushels of oats where taken from thence.
200 YEARS AGO: Notice is hereby given that the next undertaking of the Great Wyrley and Essington Canal committee meeting will be held at the Swan public house in Wolverhampton, in the county of Stafford, on Thursday, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon.
He has been sheriff's officer for the County of Stafford since 1980.
200 YEARS AGO: On Friday the Right Hon Lord Granville Leveson Gower was elected a member for the county of Stafford, without opposition.
200 YEARS AGO: The Lord Chamberlain has been pleased to appoint John Amphlett, of Clent House, in the County of Stafford, Esq; to be one of the Gentlemen of his most Honourable Privy Chamber.
200 YEARS AGO: Wanted: A steady active man who can undertake the management of the Workhouse, collecting the poor's rates and other parochial taxes, and doing such other business in a large and populous parish in the county of Stafford.