Court of Exchequer


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Court of Exchequer

 

the highest organ of financial administration in medieval England. It received its name from the checkered cloth that covered the tables in the hall where its members held their sessions. The Court of Exchequer was originally part of the king’s curia. In the 13th century it became a separate finance office headed by the treasurer. At that time the Court of Exchequer was divided into the court proper and the treasury. The members of the court—the barons of the exchequer—exercised control over the financial reports of the king’s officials and conducted judicial examinations of cases affecting the material interests of the crown.

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