Court of Justice of the European Union


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Related to Court of Justice of the European Union: European Court of Auditors

Court of Justice of the European Union,

judicial institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). Located in Luxembourg, it was founded in 1958 as the joint court for the three treaty organizations that were consolidated into the European Community (the predecessor of the EU) in 1967.

The institution now consists of three bodies. The Court of Justice is the direct descendant of the original joint court. It is now composed of 8 advocates general and 27 judges—one judge from each of the EU nations. All members of the court are appointed for renewable six-year terms by agreement among the EU nations. The court interprets EU treaties and legislation. Although it may attempt to reconcile differences between national and EU laws, ultimately its decisions overrule those of national courts; they have tended to expand the EU's domain. Increased litigation over the years led to the establishment of a lower court, the General Court (1988, formerly the Court of First Instance), and a specialized civil service tribunal (2004); appeals to the Court of Justice are tightly restricted.

International law cases involving nations outside the EU are heard by the World Court in The Hague; the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France, is recognized by the members of the Council of EuropeCouncil of Europe,
international organization founded in 1949 to promote greater unity within Europe and to safeguard its political and cultural heritage by promoting human rights and democracy. The council is headquartered in Strasbourg, France.
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 and hears cases relating to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Personal Freedoms.

References in periodicals archive ?
Romania, Member State of the European Union, since January 1, 2007, has enlarged its focus on legal matters, as a result of the influence of the European Court of Human Rights jurisprudence and the Court of Justice of the European Union jurisprudence on the national courts jurisprudence and even on national legislation.
As a part of the Court of Justice of the European Union it is tasked with interpreting EU law and ensuring its equal application across all EU member states.
If Bulgaria is convicted, the amount of the penalty is to be determined by the Court of Justice of the European Union.
The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union does not prevent a member state from sanctioning a person in criminal proceedings over facts for which administrative penalties had already been imposed, the advocate-general of the Court of Justice of the European Union stated, on June 12 (Case C-617/10).
LUXEMBOURG, Sep 21, 2010 (TUR) -- 14 Turkish journalists assigned in national and local media visited Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) in Luxembourg on Tuesday.
Nevada (US), Sept 10 (ANI): Hindus want European Commission (EC) to censure France and take it to Court of Justice of the European Union regarding its apparent "witch-hunt" against Roma (Gypsy) community.
The Bank will require the Promoter to ensure that contracts for the implementation of the project shall be tendered in accordance with the relevant applicable EU procurement legislation (Directives 2014/24/EC and/or 2014/23/EC as well as Directives 89/665/EEC and 92/13/EEC) as interpreted by the Court of Justice of the European Union, with the publication of tender notices in the Official Journal of the European Union, as and where required.
If member states do not demonstrate sufficient effort in solving the issue of air pollution at their meeting with the European Commission, the latter will sue them in the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU).
The Supreme Court will convene next year to hear the arguments over a pre-trial request to ask the Court of Justice of the European Union whether two bills vetoed by the president violated the EU acquis.
Among the topics are the Court of Justice of the European Union and human rights in 2013-14, the body as an instrument of border control: age assessment for unaccompanied migrant children, recent developments in whistleblower protection in Europe, and the relationship between freedom of expression and the ban on propaganda for war.
They also ruled there was no need for the court to refer the case to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU).
Semerdzhiev resigned amidst an electricity pricing scandal triggered by reports that EC is referring Bulgaria, Estonia and the United Kingdom to the Court of Justice of the European Union for failing to fully apply the EU internal energy market rules.