Court of Justice of the European Union


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Related to Court of Justice of the European Union: European Court of Auditors

Court of Justice of the European Union,

judicial institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). Located in Luxembourg, it was founded in 1958 as the joint court for the three treaty organizations that were consolidated into the European Community (the predecessor of the EU) in 1967.

The institution now consists of two bodies. The Court of Justice is the direct descendant of the original joint court. It is now composed of 11 advocates general and 28 judges (one judge from each of the EU nations). All members of the court are appointed for renewable six-year terms by agreement among the EU nations. The court interprets EU treaties and legislation. Although it may attempt to reconcile differences between national and EU laws, ultimately its decisions overrule those of national courts; they have tended to expand the EU's domain. Increased litigation over the years led to the establishment of a lower court, the General Court (1988, formerly the Court of First Instance); a specialized civil service tribunal established in 2004 had its jurisdiction assumed by the General Court in 2016. Appeals to the Court of Justice are tightly restricted.

International law cases involving nations outside the EU are heard by the World Court in The Hague; the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France, is recognized by the members of the Council of EuropeCouncil of Europe,
international organization founded in 1949 to promote greater unity within Europe and to safeguard its political and cultural heritage by promoting human rights and democracy. The council is headquartered in Strasbourg, France.
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 and hears cases relating to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Personal Freedoms.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Court of Justice of the European Union was established by the Maastricht Treaty, and is seated in Luxembourg.
Subsidiarity and proportionality are the quintessential constitutional principles and rules in European Union law governing the exercise of European Union competence in ares of shared competence, says Shaw, but the Court of Justice of the European Union has failed to engage with them as a tool of judicial review when interpreting cases in shared policy areas involving the residence rights of European Union citizens who are economically inactive.
They also ruled there was no need for the court to refer the case to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU).
Semerdzhiev resigned amidst an electricity pricing scandal triggered by reports that EC is referring Bulgaria, Estonia and the United Kingdom to the Court of Justice of the European Union for failing to fully apply the EU internal energy market rules.
Where does the Court of Justice of the European Union sit?
"The European Commission may, on behalf of contracting parties, bring an action for an alleged infringement [of any fiscal compact rule] before the Court of Justice of the European Union," reads the text.
Among specific topics are a Habermasian critique of Habermas concerning recognition and the case of indigenous reparations, application of law in a state of exception, and who guards the Court of Justice of the European Union under the new constitution?
Slovak authorities respond to the latest judgement issued by the Court of Justice of the European Union.A family member of a European Union citizen can enjoy the right to reside in Slovakia if he/she accompanies their spouse here.
This volume originated in the EUPILLAR (European Union Private International Law: Legal Application in Reality) project at the Centre for Private International Law, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, between 2014 and 2016, which examined the case law and legal practice on the main EU private international law instruments in the Court of Justice of the European Union and in Germany, Belgium, Poland, the UK, Italy, and Spain, and whether Member StatesAE courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union can deal with cross-border issues arising in the EU context and propose ways to improve the effectiveness of the EU private international law framework.
The Supreme Court will convene next year to hear the arguments over a pre-trial request to ask the Court of Justice of the European Union whether two bills vetoed by the president violated the EU acquis.