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Related to Courtrai: Kortrijk


Kortrijk (kôrtˈrīk), Fr. Courtrai, city (1991 pop. 76,141), West Flanders prov., SW Belgium, on the Leie River. It is an important linen, lace, and textile-manufacturing center. Kortrijk was one of the earliest (14th cent.) and most important cloth-manufacturing towns of medieval Flanders. In 1302, Flemish burghers defeated French knights there in the first Battle of the Spurs. The Church of Notre Dame (13th cent.) in the city contains Anthony Van Dyck's Elevation of the Cross (1631). The Gothic city hall dates from the 16th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Kortrijk in Flemish), a city in Belgium, on the banks of the Lys River in the province of West Flanders. Population, 45,000 (1971). The site of big linen factories. Courtrai was known in the Middle Ages for its cloth industry.

On July 11, 1302, a battle was fought near Courtrai between a French army commanded by Robert of Artois (10,000 to 12,-000 men) and the Flemish people’s militia commanded by Guillaume of Juliers (13,000 to 20,000 men). After the French conquest of Flanders in 1300, the oppressive administration of the royal governors caused a popular uprising in 1302 (the Bruges Matins). The rebels laid siege to Courtrai, while the royal army approached the city. The Flemish infantry militia took up an advantageous position in front of Courtrai; its flank and rear were covered by the Lys River and its front by the boggy flood valley of the Groeninghebeke. The attack of the mounted knights was repulsed with great slaughter: about 4,000 knights out of 7,500 were killed. Because 700 golden spurs were collected on the battlefield, the battle came to be known as the Battle of the Spurs. It was the first battle in the Middle Ages in which infantry crushed mounted knights; the battle led to the revival of the infantry. The French king Philip IV the Fair was compelled to abandon the conquest of Flanders and to conclude a peace at Athis in 1305.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
La version flamande et la version francaise de la bataille de Courtrai. Bulletins de la Commission royale d'histoire de Belgique, Bruxelas, 4 serie, t.
Officials in Courtrai were not immediately available while in Brussels, the federal prosecutors office declined to comment.
Dunbabin is largely successful in demonstrating that, prior to the French defeat at Courtrai, southern Italy played a role in the development of Capetian government, as well as in northern France's intellectual and cultural life.
"Everybody says I must be so psyched up about riding Long Run against Kauto Star," he relates as we now speed down the M4 towards Courtrai House, the Henley dental practice which in 2009 became part of his expanding chain.
Patsy Devine, 80, and the residents of seven other houses in Courtrai Park were forced from their homes by a pipe-bomb attack on Strabane PSNI station.
Three synchronized video projectors Barco 1208S (Barco, Courtrai, Belgium) driven by a SGI Onyx2 Infinite Reality were used to project the 3D sports hall environment onto a large cylindrical screen (3.80m radius, 2.38m height and 135[degrees] field of vision).
But artist Rouslan Toumaniantz, who runs the Courtrai tattoo parlour called The Tattoo Box, has denied the claims.