Couzens, James

Couzens, James

Couzens, James (kŭzˈənz), 1872–1936, U.S. Senator, industrialist, and philanthropist, b. Ontario, Canada. He moved (1887) to Detroit, and after he entered (1903) into partnership with Henry Ford, he became vice president and general manager of the Ford Motor Company. In 1919 he sold his interests to the Fords for $35 million. As mayor (1919–22) of Detroit, Couzens installed municipal street railways. Serving (1922–36) in the U.S. Senate, he acted with the Progressive Republicans, advocating such measures as high, graduated income taxes and public ownership of utilities. He established the Children's Fund of Michigan with $10 million, gave $1 million for relief in Detroit, and began a loan fund for the physically handicapped. His support of the New Deal cost him (1936) the senatorial renomination.

Bibliography

See biography by H. Barnard (1958).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Couzens, James

(1872–1936) industrialist, U.S. senator, philanthropist; born in Chatham, Ontario, Canada. Moving to Detroit in 1890, he became one of the original investors in Ford's motor company. As general manager of the Ford Motor Company, he was a major factor in the company's early success and he retired a wealthy man in 1915. He was Detroit's mayor from 1918 to 1922. As a Progressive Republican in the U.S. Senate (1922–36), he advocated graduated income taxes and public ownership of utilities. The Republicans denied him renomination in 1936. His philanthropies included hospitals and other medical organizations.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.