Covent Garden

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Covent Garden

(kŭv`ənt), area in London historically containing the city's principal fruit and garden market and the Royal Opera House. The market was established in 1671 by Charles II on the site of the abbot of Westminster's convent garden, from which the area's name is derived. In 1974 the entire market was transferred to a new site at Nine Elms on the South Bank of the Thames near Vauxhall. Since then, Covent Garden has renovated old market buildings and become a popular shopping area, with many individual shops and stalls that sell high-quality goods. The Royal Opera House stands the site of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, built in 1732. After being repaired and enlarged in 1787, it burned down in 1808 and was rebuilt, was remodeled after a fire in 1846 and renamed the Royal Italian Opera in 1847, and burned down again in 1856. Rebuilt in 1858 to house opera and ballet, the theater acquired its present name in 1892. The Royal BalletRoyal Ballet,
the principal British ballet company, based at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London. It is noted for lavish dramatic productions, a superbly disciplined corps de ballet, and brilliant performances from its principals.
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 began performing there in the spring of 1946, and the Royal Opera was formed later that year. The opera house was completely renovated in the late 1990s.

Covent Garden


(full name since the 1890’s, the Royal Opera House of Covent Garden), an opera house in London, founded in 1732. It was named after the region in which it is situated.

Initially, several independent troupes were affiliated with Covent Garden. In addition to the presentation of dramatic performances, musical concerts, and ballets, circuses were exhibited there. However, since 1847 only operas and ballets have been staged. The presently existing theater was opened in 1858 and has a seating capacity of 2,200.

Since the late 18th century, Covent Garden has been reputed to be one of the finest theaters in Europe. The first stagings of G. F. Handel’s operas took place in Covent Garden, between 1734 and 1737. In subsequent years famous European composers wrote works for the theater. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, British operas and ballets occupied a notable place in the theater’s program. The works of several Russian composers, including P. I. Tchaikovsky, M. P. Mussorgsky, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, and A. P. Borodin, were also staged. In the late 19th century the tradition of performing operas in the original language was established at Covent Garden; the tradition has been preserved to this day.

The world’s most eminent conductors and singers have performed at Covent Garden. In the 1930’s it became a state theater. During World War II (1939–45), Covent Garden was closed; it was reopened in 1946. The theater’s extensive repertoire includes the works of various national schools and ranges from the classical to the contemporary period. Works by the Soviet composers S. S. Prokofiev and D. D. Shostakovich have been performed. The theater’s soloists include the world-famous singers J. Sutherland, M. Collier, G. Jones, J. Carlyle, E. Robson, and H. Harper. Many foreign artists have appeared at Covent Garden on tour, including Soviet singers and conductors. A touring troupe from Covent Garden appeared in the USSR in 1964.


Shawe-Taylor, D. Covent Garden. London, 1948.
Rosenthal, H. Two Centuries of Opera at Covent Garden. London, 1958.

Covent Garden

1. a district of central London: famous for its former fruit, vegetable, and flower market, now a shopping precinct
2. the Royal Opera House (built 1858) in Covent Garden
References in periodicals archive ?
4WALLET I picked up a new wallet from Covent Garden Market Hall.
Paula Pryke is based on London's New Covent Garden Market and the Prince ordered flowers from her.
Mash Purveyors, who are distributors of quality fruit and vegetables to some of London's finest hotels and restaurants, are relocating from New Covent Garden Market to what will be their new UK headquarters.
I had a delightful trip to New Covent Garden market in London last week and saw trays of chrysanthemums, gaudy cyclamens and even berries, such as solanum.
The 73-year-old singer, who is a coach on the BBC1 show, whisked semi-finalists Sally Barker and Bizzi Dixon down to Covent Garden market in London to perform for passers-by.
We walked to Covent Garden market for lunch at Union Jacks and a potter around the shops, before heading over the river to the Southbank for outdoor drinks.
The Meat Marketoverlooks Covent Garden market and, even though it looks rough and ready, the food is delicious.
The Meat Market overlooks Covent Garden market and, even though it looks rough and ready, the food is delicious.
Fruit and vegetable wholesaler IA Harris enjoys a well-earned reputation for quality and value, and looks for the same two attributes in the vans it relies upon to distribute produce from its base at London's New Covent Garden Market.
nineteenth-century guidebooks was the spectacular Covent Garden Market,
The concept behind this exhibition is hugely inspired by the Covent Garden market in London, which has everything of fashion need, available on sale there.
In post-war days, Llys Meddyg supplied Covent Garden market in London with dahlias and roses.

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