Coventry


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Coventry

(kŏv`əntrē, kŭv`–), city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 318,718), central England. Coventry is an industrial center noted for its automobile production. Tractors, airplanes, machine tools, synthetic textiles, electrical equipment, and engineering products are also made. Telecommunications are important.

Lady GodivaGodiva, Lady
, fl. c.1040–80, wife of Leofric, earl of Mercia; famous for her legendary ride through the city of Coventry. She was a benefactor of several monasteries, especially that at Coventry, which she and her husband founded (1043).
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 and her husband founded a Benedictine abbey there in 1043. By the 14th cent., Coventry, a flourishing market and textile-weaving town, was one of the five largest towns in England. The entire central portion of the city, including the 14th-century Cathedral of St. Michael, was destroyed (Nov., 1940) in one of the worst air raids to be suffered by Britain during World War II. A new cathedral, alongside the ruins of the old one, was completed in 1962.

Of interest are a statue of Lady Godiva; St. Mary's Hall (1340–42, with 15th-century additions); Holy Trinity Church (13th cent.), with a spire 237 ft (72 m) high; the spire (230 ft/70 m high) of Christ Church; and Ford's Hospital, a restored Tudor almshouse. The city's educational institutions include the Univ. of Warwick, Lancaster College of Technology, Coventry College (a teacher training school), and two old public schools.


Coventry,

town (1990 pop. 31,083), Kent co., W R.I.; settled 1643, set off from Warwick and inc. 1741. Formerly a noted lace center, it still has textile industries, but manufactures such as glass, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals have become important. Coventry's many historic structures include the Payne house (1668) and Nathanael Greene's homestead (1770).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Coventry

 

a city in West Midlands, Great Britain, in England. Population, 334,800 (1971). A transportation junction and one of the country’s important machine-building centers. Coventry’s manufactures include automobiles, aircraft, machine tools, and electrical equipment. Synthetic fibers are also produced.

Coventry was founded as a monastery in 1043. From the 13th to the 17th centuries it was an important center for trade and crafts. In November 1940 and April 1941 it was subjected to heavy bombing by fascist German aircraft; more than 50,000 buildings were destroyed or damaged. In 1946 reconstruction was begun. The ruins of the 14th-century cathedral have been preserved as a reminder of fascist barbarism. As part of the reconstruction and redesign of Coventry (architects D. Gibson and A. Ling), industrial and residential zones were set apart. A system of housing regions was established, with microregions. Large apartment houses of various heights were built. Other additions include several commons, a belt highway, and a traffic-free shopping area. Civic buildings and a cathedral (1954–62, architect B. Spence) were also built.

REFERENCE

Spence, B. Coventry Phoenix. London, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Coventry

1. a city in central England, in Coventry unitary authority, West Midlands: devastated in World War II; modern cathedral (1954--62); industrial centre, esp for motor vehicles; two universities (1965, 1992). Pop.: 303 475 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in central England, in West Midlands. Pop.: 305 000 (2003 est.). Area: 97 sq. km (37 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Silverdale Cl, Coventry, bought for pounds 27,950 in 1987
"There will be a wide variety of fun activities and events going on throughout the two days, providing Coventry's older citizens the opportunity to have fun, get more support for their needs and have a great day out with family and friends.
David Morley, who directs the writing programme at the University of Warwick, said: 'I want to give something back to the city that adopted me five years ago and which has given me the chance to carry out writing projects with thousands of Coventry people.
Coventry BID is a sponsor along with theUniversity of Warwick,Coventry University and Coventry Building Society.
As part of the relocation of the business, part of the shop has been set up as Coventry United's first club shop.
Trish Willetts, Coventry BID manager, said that it will be wonderful to see the city centre filled with visitors enjoying events and seeing what Coventry has to offer.
5 and 7 - Between Coventry city centre, Coundon, Radford, Allesley & Brownshill Green
"We are so pleased that we can make a firm commitment to support Coventry Pride for the next five years now that Coventry BID has another term of office," she said.
According to Ritchie Capital, the company reached an agreement with Coventry in 2005 to invest in life insurance products.
Lions took a Coventry five-metre scrum against the head and then halted another strong Coventry attack.

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