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(kŏv`əntrē, kŭv`–), city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 318,718), central England. Coventry is an industrial center noted for its automobile production. Tractors, airplanes, machine tools, synthetic textiles, electrical equipment, and engineering products are also made. Telecommunications are important.

Lady GodivaGodiva, Lady
, fl. c.1040–80, wife of Leofric, earl of Mercia; famous for her legendary ride through the city of Coventry. She was a benefactor of several monasteries, especially that at Coventry, which she and her husband founded (1043).
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 and her husband founded a Benedictine abbey there in 1043. By the 14th cent., Coventry, a flourishing market and textile-weaving town, was one of the five largest towns in England. The entire central portion of the city, including the 14th-century Cathedral of St. Michael, was destroyed (Nov., 1940) in one of the worst air raids to be suffered by Britain during World War II. A new cathedral, alongside the ruins of the old one, was completed in 1962.

Of interest are a statue of Lady Godiva; St. Mary's Hall (1340–42, with 15th-century additions); Holy Trinity Church (13th cent.), with a spire 237 ft (72 m) high; the spire (230 ft/70 m high) of Christ Church; and Ford's Hospital, a restored Tudor almshouse. The city's educational institutions include the Univ. of Warwick, Lancaster College of Technology, Coventry College (a teacher training school), and two old public schools.


town (1990 pop. 31,083), Kent co., W R.I.; settled 1643, set off from Warwick and inc. 1741. Formerly a noted lace center, it still has textile industries, but manufactures such as glass, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals have become important. Coventry's many historic structures include the Payne house (1668) and Nathanael Greene's homestead (1770).



a city in West Midlands, Great Britain, in England. Population, 334,800 (1971). A transportation junction and one of the country’s important machine-building centers. Coventry’s manufactures include automobiles, aircraft, machine tools, and electrical equipment. Synthetic fibers are also produced.

Coventry was founded as a monastery in 1043. From the 13th to the 17th centuries it was an important center for trade and crafts. In November 1940 and April 1941 it was subjected to heavy bombing by fascist German aircraft; more than 50,000 buildings were destroyed or damaged. In 1946 reconstruction was begun. The ruins of the 14th-century cathedral have been preserved as a reminder of fascist barbarism. As part of the reconstruction and redesign of Coventry (architects D. Gibson and A. Ling), industrial and residential zones were set apart. A system of housing regions was established, with microregions. Large apartment houses of various heights were built. Other additions include several commons, a belt highway, and a traffic-free shopping area. Civic buildings and a cathedral (1954–62, architect B. Spence) were also built.


Spence, B. Coventry Phoenix. London, 1962.


1. a city in central England, in Coventry unitary authority, West Midlands: devastated in World War II; modern cathedral (1954--62); industrial centre, esp for motor vehicles; two universities (1965, 1992). Pop.: 303 475 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in central England, in West Midlands. Pop.: 305 000 (2003 est.). Area: 97 sq. km (37 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Cllr George Duggins, Leader of Coventry City Council, said: As a Council, we made up our mind very early on that we wanted UK City of Culture status and we were totally committed from the very beginning.
Coventry City Council said the decision to allow Mr Walsh to take early retirement would actually save taxpayers money in the long run.
The Contract covers works which may be ordered by Coventry Highways, Coventry City Council, and which may be located anywhere within the City of Coventry or on other Council controlled land outside the City boundaries.
He also said he had a mandate to spend time forming the WMCA because Coventry City Council had voted to support its creation.
The appeal, listed as 'Sky Blue Sports and Leisure and others v Coventry City Council and others', is pencilled in to be heard in Court 75.
Speaking at the event, John McGuigan, director of city development for Coventry City Council, provided guests with an insight into the city's regeneration programme, latest developments and future plans, which was followed by lunch, an opportunity to network and, guided tours of the recently launched development.
TRAIN operator London Midland insists it told Coventry City Council and the Ricoh Arena company FIVE years ago that it would not be able to supply adequate trains for fans on matchdays.
He was speaking at a Coventry City Council seminar at the Ricoh Arena and said the city had worked hard to sell itself as a key location for business after the Lyons Review stated that more civil service jobs should be moved out of London to the regions.
A statement from Coventry City Council suggested Solihull would also join the group and that it hoped district and borough councils from Warwickshire would also join.
Coventry City Council chief executive Stella Manzie has quit after six-and-a-half years.
FORMER teacher Kirston Nelson is to take charge of schools at Coventry City Council.
Bond Wolfe has beaten off stiff competition from other Midlands auctioneers to win the tender to act for Coventry City Council in the sale of land and property in the borough.