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flesh of cattle prepared for food. It has become one of the chief products of the meatpackingmeatpacking
or meat-processing,
wholesale business of buying and slaughtering animals and then processing and distributing their carcasses to retailers. The livestock industry is among the largest in the world.
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 industry and is sold either chilled, frozen, or cured. The leading beef consumers, as well as exporters, are the U.S., the European Union, Brazil, Argentina, and Australia. The carcasses, after being dressed, are split in half along the back and then cut into fore- and hindquarters. In the United States, beef usually reaches local dealers in this form and is cut by them into portions, e.g., shank, round, rump, loins (roasts and steaks), flank, rib (roasts), chuck, plate, and brisket. In addition, the heart, kidneys, liver, tongue, stomach wall (tripe), and tail are edible. The tenderest beef comes from steers (castrated males) and heifers (females that have not calved). The meat should be a clear, light-red color and firm. Beef from older cattle is converted into various products, such as beef extract, sausage, corned beef, and canned or potted products. Beef is a source of proteins, minerals, and vitamins, but many health professionals, stressing risks of heart disease and cancer from eating too much saturated fat, have urged cattle growers to produce leaner, organically fed beef and have encouraged the public to choose leaner cuts, serve a three-ounce portion, and reduce the frequency of beef in the diet.


See J. Simpson and D. Farris, The World's Beef Business (1982); J. Ubaldi, Jack Ubaldi's Meat Book (1987).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


The flesh of a bovine animal, such as a cow or steer, used as food.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


an adult ox, bull, cow, etc., reared for its meat
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
That's why one can only find chicken, rabbit, deer, bison, duck and buffalo meat in Kabul, but never cow meat. Like, never.
As a control, Hanwoo cow meat was assigned on 2 days postmortem, vacuum-packed, and immediately frozen to -70[degrees]C (n = 24).
Sheep meat will be sold at LE 60 ($3.37) per kilo, buffalo meat at LE 50 per kilo, and cow meat at LE 55 per kilo, he said.
1500 B.C.), ( cow meat was consumed .
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"Some locals spread rumors that Akhlaq had cow meat at his home and engaged in cow slaughter.
Attempts are being made to polarise society over cow slaughter and consumption of cow meat
Salah Al-Maiman, and from the French side, the French Ambassador to the Kingdom Bertrand Besancenot as a representative of Ministry of Agriculture and Food of France in preparation for lifting the temporary ban on the import of cow meat from France.
"I also bought 60kg of cow meat, but sold only 10kg so I have 80 per cent left over.
"They accused us of keeping cow meat, broke down our doors and started beating my father and brother.