References in classic literature ?
Well, here is "more about Dorothy," and about our old friends the Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman, and about the Cowardly Lion, and Ozma, and all the rest of them; and here, likewise, is a good deal about some new folks that are queer and unusual.
But after a time he became more at ease, and presently Toto and the Cowardly Lion had grown to be good friends.
This, noble Horse, is my friend the Cowardly Lion, who is the valiant King of the Forest, but at the same time a faithful vassal of Princess Ozma.
Any friend of Dorothy," remarked the Cowardly Lion, "must be our friend, as well.
That evening Dorothy had many callers, and among them were such important people as Tiktok, a machine man who thought and spoke and moved by clockwork; her old companion the genial Shaggy Man; Jack Pumpkinhead, whose body was brush-wood and whose head was a ripe pumpkin with a face carved upon it; the Cowardly Lion and the Hungry Tiger, two great beasts from the forest, who served Princess Ozma, and Professor H.
Two immense animals squatted, one on each side of the throne--the Cowardly Lion and the Hungry Tiger.
Although these beasts were quite free, no one present was alarmed by them; for the Cowardly Lion and the Hungry Tiger were well known and respected in the Emerald City and they always guarded the Ruler when she held high court in the Throne Room.
This is the Cowardly Lion, who isn't a coward at all, but just thinks he is.
During the rescue scene in the witch's castle, Modest Mussorsky's Night on Bald Mountain plays as the Scarecrow, Tin Man and Cowardly Lion follow Toto up the stairs to where Dorothy is being held.
The part of Dorothy is being shared by Victoria Monaghan and Lucy Conroy while Jonathon Hill plays Scarecrow, Dan Greener is the Tin Man, Jonathan Cash is Cowardly Lion, Claire Blake is the Wicked Witch of the West and Nikki Cunningham is Glinda, the Good Witch of the South.
With her friends, the cowardly lion, the tin man, scarecrow and dog Toto, she sets out on a quest to see the Wizard who can help her return home.
So maybe it was just a coincidence when Leo the Cryin' Lion appeared a few years after Bert Lahr brought the walking, talking, blubbering Cowardly Lion to life on the silver screen.