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Related to Cowberry: crowberry, foxberry, bilberry
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A short evergreen shrub with sour red berries., up to 16 inches high (40cm) Alternate oval leaves, bell-shaped white-pink flowers. Grows in cold areas. Extremely tolerant plant, can handle up to 40 below. Very high in vitamin C and beta carotene. SImply putting berries in glass of water was used to treat scurvy. Tea used for urinary tract infections, uro-gential issues, breast cancer, diabetes, diarrhea, rheumatism.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Vaccinium vitis-idaea), a shrub of the subfamily Vacciniaceae (or of the family Ericaceae, if it is understood in the broad sense). The plant is up to 25 cm tall, with leathery evergreen leaves and pale pink flowers, which are gathered into thick clusters. The fruits are numerous globular bright red edible berries. The cowberry grows in coniferous and mixed forests, in brush, tundra, and dried-up peat bogs of northern and central Europe, Asia, and North America. In the USSR cowberries grow in the entire forest zone, in the tundra, and in the mountains of the Caucasus. The berries of the cowberry contain large quantities of sugar and organic acids, as well as vaccinin, and other substances. The berries keep well in fresh and soaked form and are used for preserves, jams, and marinades, as well as by the candy industry. A decoction of cowberry leaves is sometimes used as a diuretic substance.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
of Feeding times bout eaten (min) Blue- and cowberry (Vaccinium myrtillus, 1267 14 [+ or -] 1 V vitis-idaea) Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) 688 9 [+ or -] 1 Grass/sedge (Poaceae/Carex spp.) 254 10 [+ or -] 1 Spruce (Picea abies) 50 6 [+ or -] 1 Heather (Calluna vulgaris) 38 11 [+ or -] 3 Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) 9 4 [+ or -] 1 Supplemental food (Avena sativa, Triticum 4 8 [+ or -] 7 aestivum, Zea mays) Meadowsweet (Spiraea tomentosa) 4 8 [+ or -] 5 Wild rosemary (Ledum palustre) 4 7 [+ or -] 6 Larch (Larix decidua) 3 5 [+ or -] 0 Oak (Quercus robur) 2 5 [+ or -] 3 Rasp- and blackberry (Rubus idaeus, R.
The average annual harvest of cowberry leaves is 6 tons with 6 thousand tons of berries while the possible production stock is 24,000 tons for leaves and 72,000 tons for berries with the actual reserves in the territory of the Far East being 1,200,000 tons of leaves and 600,000 tons of berries (Nechaev 2006).
White flowers are produced by the cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), wintergreens (Pyrolaceae), the May lily (Maianthemum bifolium), the European and American starflowers (Trientalis europaea and T.
Hazel (Corylus avellana) nuts, raspberry (Rubus idaeus), wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) and hop (Humulus lupulus) were found.
myrtillus) requires 446-500[degrees]F (230-260[degrees]C) and the cowberry (V.
blueberry Vaccinium myrtillus, crowberry Empetrum nigrum hermaphroditum and cowberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Dahle et al.
The is being carried out in the hope that it will encourage rare heathland plants, such as heather, bilberry and cowberry to grow.
In fact, the amount of faeces, on average, on the sample site over the year reached 147 [+ or -] 46 pellets in the pine forest with cowberry, 85 [+ or -] 27 pellets in pine forest with green moss, 72 [+ or -] 11 in the pine forest with sphagnum, 60 [+ or -] 10 in spruce forest with herbs, 59 [+ or -] 9 in a mixed sphagnum forest, 49 [+ or -] 11 in a spruce forest with green moss, and 5 [+ or -] 1.5 in a mixed sphagnum forest (Fig.
For example, they use sphagnum moss (Sphagnum) to line the base of cradles, the bark of the alder (Alnus crispa and others) to tan leather, and the leaves and buds of bruniska (the red cowberry, Vaccinium vitis-idaea var.
The forest floor is dominated by lichens, heather Calluna vulgaris and the berry-bearing species bilberry Vaccinium myrtillis, cowberry V.
In certain areas, birch and pine trees will be thinned out, as the scrub encroachment is endangering rare heathland plants such as bilberry and cowberry.
Major forest types are Bilberry forests and Cowberry forests (Tomter 1994).