cowpox virus


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Related to cowpox virus: smallpox virus, Monkeypox virus, vaccinia virus

cowpox virus

[′kau̇‚päks ‚vī·rəs]
(virology)
The causative agent of cowpox in cattle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Out of the reservoir: phenotypic and genotypic characterization of a novel cowpox virus isolated from a common vole.
Virtually all batches of modern smallpox vaccine contain no cowpox virus, but instead what is called vaccinia virus.
Cowpox virus is carried by rodents, chiefly voles and woodmice.
The vaccinia virus (Lister strain) plasmid was named pVACV-List143, the cowpox virus (Brighton strain) plasmid named pCPXV-V162, and the monkeypox virus Zaire strain plasmid named pMPXV-A29L.
There was a time when most schoolchildren knew that in 1770 Edward Jenner, a physician in rural England, observed that milkmaids who contracted cowpox virus on their hands were immune to the far more dangerous smallpox.
But the vaccines were made using the benign cowpox virus, and surely we can keep that for our defence.
Cobra is not however involved in a second treatment, a cancer vaccine based on the cowpox virus.
What value would we have placed on the cowpox virus before Jenner, or on a penicillin mold before Fleming, or on a wild rubber tree before Goodyear?
In our labs, or in collaboration with the CDC, we have successfully blocked, among other viruses, Ebola, Marburg, HIV, influenza, RSV, rhinovirus, herpes virus, dengue fever virus, cowpox virus, measles virus, BVDV, and others.
Concomitant Human Infections with 2 Cowpox Virus Strains in Related Cases, France, 2011
In the 19th century, Jenner discovered that inoculation of people with cowpox virus led to smallpox immunity.
The new vaccine, called MVA85A by researchers, consists of weakened cowpox virus that has been genetically engineered to make a protein normally found on the surface of M.