Koxinga

(redirected from Coxinga)
Zheng Chenggong
BirthplaceHirado, Japan
Died
NationalityChinese
Occupation
Military leader

Koxinga

(kŏksĭng`gə), Mandarin Kuo-hsing-yeh [lord of the imperial surname], 1624–62, Chinese general, whose original name was Chêng Ch'êng-kung. From 1646 to 1660 he led many unsuccessful campaigns of Ming dynasty loyalists against the invading Ch'ing dynasty. Koxinga captured (1661) part of TaiwanTaiwan
, Portuguese Formosa, officially Republic of China, island nation (2005 est. pop. 22,894,000), 13,885 sq mi (35,961 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean, separated from the mainland of S China by the 100-mi-wide (161-km) Taiwan Strait.
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 from the Dutch. The population of the southern coast of China was evacuated (1662) to facilitate the defense against his raids. After the death of his son Chêng Ching, Taiwan fell to the Ch'ing (1683).
References in periodicals archive ?
Both the Portuguese and the Dutch were easily driven off of Taiwan by Chinese fleets, and, in the 17th century, it was the Chinese wars junks of Coxinga that controlled the south China seas, not Europeans.
By the same author, Pirate King: Coxinga and the Fall of the Ming Dynasty (Sutton, 19.
Early in his career, Chikamatsu wrote for the kabuki stage, but later he turned to writing of puppet plays ( bunraku ), producing such masterpieces as sonezaki shinju (1703; translated as Love Suicides at Sonezaki, 1955), Kokusenya kassen (1715; translated as Battles of Coxinga, 1951), and Shinju ten no Amijima (1720; translated as