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Related to Crécy: Agincourt


(krāsē`), officially


(–äN–pôNtyö`), village, Somme dept., N France. A nearby forest is popular for camping. At Crécy, on Aug. 26, 1346, Edward III of England defeated Philip VI of France in the Hundred Years WarHundred Years War,
1337–1453, conflict between England and France. Causes

Its basic cause was a dynastic quarrel that originated when the conquest of England by William of Normandy created a state lying on both sides of the English Channel. In the 14th cent.
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. The French forces were armed with crossbows and, although outnumbering the English troops, were overwhelmed by the English longbows. The victory enabled the English to reach Calais. Among the combatants were Edward the Black Prince of England and the blind John of Luxembourg, king of Bohemia, who, fighting for the French, died in the battle. Crécy is also known in English as Cressy.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Crécy-en-Ponthieu, a population point in northeastern France (department of Somme), near which English troops commanded by King Edward III routed the French Army of King Philip VI on Aug. 26, 1346, during the Hundred Years War of 1337–1453. Each side had between 14,000 and 20,000 men. The battle of Crécy-en-Ponthieu demonstrated the complete inability of the French conception of knightly warfare to succeed against the English infantry armed with longbows firing at 300 paces. About 1,500 French knights were killed in the battle. The victory at Crécy-en-Ponthieu enabled the English to take Calais in 1347, and it became their principal base.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


English over French; preeminence of longbow established (1346). [Fr. Hist.: Bishop, 382–385]
See: Battle


first European use of gunpowder (by British) in battle (1346). [Eur. Hist.: Bishop, 382–385]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.