One might think going back to recyclable paper or metal cans would be a good idea, but a cradle-to-grave analysis
of both shows that their production consumes more total resources than plastic.
This is often referred to as a life-cycle assessment (LCA) or cradle-to-grave analysis
Life cycle assessments comprise a cradle-to-grave analysis
covering the environmental impact of products at all stages in their life cycle from the raw materials to disposal.
This type of analysis is referred to here as life-cycle assessment (LCA), but other names are often used, such as ecobalance, cradle-to-grave analysis
, and lifecycle analysis.
The system boundaries are commonly referred to as a cradle-to-grave analysis
. This report is confined to collection of biomass, bio-oil production, transportation of resources and fuels, production of fuels and electricity, and combustion of fuels (Fig.