Moreover, both before but especially during the 1968 strikes, the UFT also practised a very specific form of craft union
exclusionism by supporting testing policies that ended up restricting African-American and Puerto Rican entry into the ranks of new teachers and school supervisors.
In the end, the strike was broken by workers brought in by rail from other furniture-making centers, the poverty induced by the length of the strike, the 2,000 striking workers not allowed to join the exclusive craft unions
and receive strike benefits, and the official condemnation of the Christian Reformed Church, the Protestant religion of the Dutch strikers.
Because the craft unions
had few or no black members, Federal contractors rarely hired blacks for skilled positions.
To alleviate this problem, the association has reached out to high schools in Western Canada to educate them about our industry, increased our presence at trade shows and conferences and worked with the four pipeline craft unions
to streamline experienced workers from their, affiliates in the United States.
The fierce rivalry among craft unions
that dominated organized labour in the province and the new trade unions that sought to organize workers on an industry-wide basis may have allowed worker militancy in Quebec shipyards to grow.
Nimura attributes these differences to the evolution of labor and labor organization in Japan and notes in particular that Japan possessed little of the craft union
tradition co mmon to the West and therefore evolved along different lines.
Other ITU members, fearing that their union's identity would be lost in the Teamsters organization, sought a merger with the only other major craft union
in the industry, the newly formed GCIU.
She claims that "research on the adaptability of the craft union
through perilous economic conditions could provide important lessons for industrial and service sector unions facing the same conditions that have always characterized construction: highly competitive building processes, institutionalized outsourcing and subcontracting; new work organization and new technologies.
In addition to providing an insightful look at the recent history of a craft union
, it suggests broad strategies for arresting the long-term decline of the U.
The strike collapsed on its fourth day when the Guild failed to dissuade or prevent craft union
members from crossing picket lines.
Instead, they drew upon the legacy of the craft union
movement of the 1870s and 1880s.