Crambe


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Crambe

 

a genus of annual or perennial plants of the family Cruciferae. They are generally densely branched herbs with large succulent leaves. The flowers are usually white. The fruit is two-sectioned, with an infertile lower section and a fertile monospermous upper section. There are between 20 and 25 species in Eurasia and Africa. In the USSR there are between 18 and 20 species, distributed on steppes, semideserts, and arid mountain slopes and sometimes along seacoasts (Baltic Region, southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and the southern part of Western Siberia). The best-known species is sea kale (C. marétima). The stalks of its vernal leaves are used as a vegetable, which is smilar to asparagus. Sometimes sea kale is cultivated. The young shoots of C. tatarica and the raw leaves of C. oriental is are also used for food. The species C. Kotschyana is a valuable fodder, nectar-bearing, and starch-yielding plant; it is suitable for cultivation. The seeds of C. abyssinica, which grows in the Abyssinian Highlands, contain up to 53 percent nutrient oil.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of glyphosate desiccant at different plant desiccation times at pre-harvest on the physiological quality of crambe seeds.
Hence, this study aimed to examine the influence of moisture content on the values of maximum compression force, proportional deformity modulus, elastic coefficients d, e, and f, in addition to the maximum tangent and secant values of crambe grains (Crambe abyssinica Hochst) subjected to compression in the natural resting position.
In 2013 (Table 2), the largest amounts of fresh matter were produced by wild radish, rapeseed and crambe, and they differed significantly from that produced by linseed, oat IPR 126, rye, and triticale as well as the fallow treatment (which was occupied by weeds).
(1993) analyzed finishing steers and did not find any difference in performance from animals fed on soy bran which totally replaced crambe bran.
A variabilidade do tamanho de amostra entre os caracteres ja foi descrita para as culturas de crambe (Cargnelutti Filho et al., 2010a) e de pessego e maca (Toebe et al., 2011) e entre a duracao dos periodos larval, pupal e larval + pupal de Microtheca ochroloma e de Microtheca semilaevis em nabo forrageiro (Cargnelutti Filho et al., 2012).
Neste sentido, alguns estudos em caracteres morfologicos e produtivos da cultura de crambe (CARGNELUTTI FILHO et al., 2010b) mostram que, nesse nivel de confianca (SA = 2%), e necessario avaliar de 379 a 3.811 plantas.
Crambe abyssinica Hochst (crambe) is a plant belonging to the cruciferous family that has aroused great interest due to the oil content in its seeds between 36 to 38%.
Response of spring canola and Crambe to several dates of planting (In 1990 agronomy abstracts).
O crambe e uma planta de inverno, originaria do Mediterraneo e tem sido cultivada na Africa, Asia, Europa, Estados Unidos, Mexico e America do Sul, como cultura para cobertura do solo.
Crambe is a drought-tolerant oilseed crop with demonstrated viability throughout western North Dakota and the surrounding region.
South Cone is focused on jatropha plantations but also develops short rotation crops such as sunflower, crambe and castor to secure ongoing revenue stream.