Crambe


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Crambe

 

a genus of annual or perennial plants of the family Cruciferae. They are generally densely branched herbs with large succulent leaves. The flowers are usually white. The fruit is two-sectioned, with an infertile lower section and a fertile monospermous upper section. There are between 20 and 25 species in Eurasia and Africa. In the USSR there are between 18 and 20 species, distributed on steppes, semideserts, and arid mountain slopes and sometimes along seacoasts (Baltic Region, southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and the southern part of Western Siberia). The best-known species is sea kale (C. marétima). The stalks of its vernal leaves are used as a vegetable, which is smilar to asparagus. Sometimes sea kale is cultivated. The young shoots of C. tatarica and the raw leaves of C. oriental is are also used for food. The species C. Kotschyana is a valuable fodder, nectar-bearing, and starch-yielding plant; it is suitable for cultivation. The seeds of C. abyssinica, which grows in the Abyssinian Highlands, contain up to 53 percent nutrient oil.

References in periodicals archive ?
O presente trabalho objetivou a determinacao da composicao centesimal e dos padroes da cinetica de degradacao da materia seca e da proteina bruta dos graos e coprodutos do crambe, girassol e soja, utilizados na alimentacao de ovinos.
Low levels of genetic variation in mtDNA sequences over the western Mediterranean and Atlantic range of the sponge Crambe crambe (Poecilosclerida).
The acetone extract and free sulfur values of meadowfoam, rapeseed and crambe factices were in the same range.
Key words: Crambe, light microscopy, pollen grains, scanning electron microscopy, seed coat morphology.
Researches involving crambe, especially regarding the quality control of seeds, are critical to the use of the culture and are justified by the potential of the species and lack of information regarding the physiological quality with which its seeds are produced, especially in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, where the production accounts for most of the national production (MASETTO et al.
2011), no estudo da secagem de sementes de crambe e por Jittanit (2011), na investigacao da desidratacao de sementes de abobora.
circumcinctus and the weevil complex on Crambe is briefly presented.
Hanson and colleagues have extensively researched 100 combinations of 10 crops grown in rotation sequences: barley, canola, crambe, dry bean, dry pea, flax, safflower, soybean, sunflower, and spring wheat.
In a year of greater soil water availability, soil water depletion of canola and crambe was about 60 percent of that of sunflower.