Crane, Walter

Crane, Walter,

1845–1915, English designer, illustrator, and painter. As a painter he is grouped with the later Pre-Raphaelites, but he is better known for his illustrations of the works of Spenser and of Hawthorne's Wonder Book and Grimm's Fairy Tales. Seeking with William MorrisMorris, William,
1834–96, English poet, artist, craftsman, designer, social reformer, and printer. He has long been considered one of the great Victorians and has been called the greatest English designer of the 19th cent.
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 to ally art with everyday life, he designed textiles, glass windows, tapestries, and house decorations. Crane's interest in socialism is expressed in his cartoons for Commonweal and Justice. In 1888 he founded the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society of London.


See his memoirs, An Artist's Reminiscences (1907); G. Smith, ed., Walter Crane, 1845–1915 (1989).

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Rather than focus on the theological premises of the social gospel or examine its institutional manifestations, Curtis shows how a group of sixteen men and women--including Caroline Bartlett Crane, Walter Rauschenbusch, Charles Charles Stelzle--responded to the social issues and changes of their day by adapting the evangelical theological prescriptions of their childhoods to fit the demands of an industrial and urban United States.
With plant physiologist Gayle Volk and support scientist Jennifer Crane, Walters examined the seeds' lipid composition, identified the species susceptible to damage, and developed a solution.