Crane Flies

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Crane Flies


(Tipulidae), a family of insects of the order Diptera. They are medium or large-sized (up to 40 mm) mosquitoes with long legs. Coloration is grayish, yellow, or brown. There are approximately 1,500 species, and about 400 are found in the USSR.

Crane flies appear in early spring and remain until late autumn, geneally in damp meadows and damp forests. As a rule the adults do not feed, although some forms drink water or nectar. They lay their eggs in the soil, rotten wood, or moss, less commonly in water. The larvae are a dirty gray or brownish color, with a single pair of large spiracles at the rear end of the abdomen, surrounded by six fleshy growths. They feed on decaying plant matter or roots, sometimes damaging garden plants (an example of a harmful species is Tipula paludosa) or even tree seedlings in nurseries (species of the genus Nephrotoma). Countermeasures are chiefly agrotechnical and include proper soil cultivation and crop rotation. The name crane flies is often applied to representatives of other closely related families of Diptera, such as Limoniidae, whose larvae develop in decomposing matter, fungi, or in water; there are more than 1,300 species of these, and about 500 are found in the Soviet Union. Of particular interest are species of the genus Chionea, which have reduced wings; they are frequently active on the snow in winter.


Opredelitel’ nasekomykh Evropeiskoi chasti SSSR, vol. 5, part 1. Edited by G. Ia. Bei-Bienko. Moscow-Leningrad, 1969.
Savchenko, E. N. “Komary-dolgonozhki.” In Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 2, fasc. 3, 4, 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961-64.
Giliarov, M. S. Osobennosti pochvy kak sredy obitaniia i ee znachenie v evoliutsii nasekomykh, Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.


References in periodicals archive ?
Where there's plenty of grass, there's plenty of crane flies.
While sorting and identifying crane flies collected from Eluang Shan, Anhui, China, 1 found a pair of T.
The lights on the porch attract most of the crane flies around here, but a few slipped inside one evening, resting delicately on the kitchen walls.
NEW VISITORS: the red kite (right) and little egret (centre) are regularly seen in the Midlands while the black kite (left) could be attracted by changes to our climate' ON THE INCREASE: dartford warbler and crane flies or daddy long-legs' FLOURISHING: the adder and the beautifully-coloured bee keeper
Exposed, dessicated aerial deadwood provides habitat for Longhorn Beetles, while the rotting wood of a hollowing trunk supports Cardinal Beetles, Lesser Stag Beetles and Crane Flies.
The creatures, also known as crane flies, provide food for wild life such as birds and spiders just before the winter comes, insect charity Buglife said.
Also known as crane flies, their larvae, called leatherjackets, feed through autumn, winter and spring on decaying plant material and plant roots just below the soil surface.
A year of ups and downs: The purple emperor butterfly and frogs and toads suffered, but it was a good year for crane flies and berries.
daeckei, are parasitoids of crane flies as reported in the seminal publication on this subject (Koenig and Young 2007), which stimulated the present work on the problem.
Hoppers, Sedgehogs and Daddies are also beginning to take fish as the first of the Crane flies are now appearing.