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Related to Cranial sutures: metopic suture


1. Surgery
a. catgut, silk thread, or wire used to stitch together two bodily surfaces
b. the surgical seam formed after joining two surfaces
2. Anatomy a type of immovable joint, esp between the bones of the skull (cranial suture)
3. Zoology a line of junction in a mollusc shell, esp the line between adjacent chambers of a nautiloid shell
4. Botany a line marking the point of dehiscence in a seed pod or capsule
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the surgical uniting, chiefly by a surgical needle and suture material, of tissues cut during surgery or separated by an injury. Threads made of silk, linen, or Dacron and other polymeric materials are used in superficial sutures. In buried sutures, which are applied to internal organs and tissues, absorbable materials, such as catgut or biologically inert polymeric threads, are used; buried sutures are not removed.

One type of superficial suture, cosmetic suture, which is applied to the face, is made using threads of horsehair or thin ca-pron. Osteorrhaphy (osteosynthesis) is a type of buried suture. Primary, primo-secondary, and secondary sutures are distinguished on the basis of when the sutures are applied, which depends on the type of wound. The sutureless union of tissues is achieved with various adhesives made from polymeric materials (for example, cyanoacrylate) or with metal clamps.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A distinguishable line of union between two closely united parts.
A fine thread used to close a wound or surgical incision.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Age estimation on the basis of cranial sutures. In: I[section]can MY (ed).
A similar outcome has been presented by Pinedo (1991), who found that fusion of most cranial sutures was weakly correlated with age groups, and that invisibility of the SQ-PR suture, together with some discrete morphological characters of the skull (i.e., bone alveolar separation throughout tooth rows, downward curvature of the rostrum, and fusion of the hyoid bones), showed a better correlation with age and size in P blainvillei.
Adult ages can be estimated by several methods, including the degree and location of cranial suture closure (Todd & Lyon, 1924, 1925a, b, c; Meindl & Lovejoy, 1985; Figures 1 [I, C] and 4), the degree of erosion of the pubic symphysis (Figures 1 [I, D] and 5), and the amount of osteophytic lipping of the vertebral bodies (Rothschild & Martin, 1993; Figures 1 [I, E] and 6).
In its classic form, patients experience a premature closure of the cranial sutures, which leads to brachycephaly, proptosis, a small maxilla, and anomalies of the external and middle ear.
He said that cranial sutures only calcify before death under pathological circumstances.
Cranial sutures were visible on several skull projections.
This shift is already evident in Massa's Introductory Book of Anatomy (1536) where he discussed cranial sutures on the basis of "the heads of dead people in cemeteries."(57) Massa's skulls probably came not from private graves but from ossuaries where the bones of those long dead were stored after being exhumed to provide more space in the crowded urban burial grounds.
bottae in a restricted area for many years and have correlated the closure of cranial sutures, including the basisphenoid, with known-aged individuals (Smith and Patton, 1980; Daly and Patton, 1986; Patton and Brylski, 1987).
Minor anatomical features that mainly evolved randomly, such as tiny bones on the skull formed by cranial sutures, provide a better comparison for groups living in different parts of the world, he asserts.
These criteria are, among others, horns with their horn-cores and horn sheath shape (Schramm, 1967; Flannery, 1969; LasotaMoskalewska et al., 1991), course of cranial sutures (LaprusMadej, 2000), or details of the structure of the petrous part of the temporal bone (Mallet & Guadelli, 2013).
Prior to closure of the cranial sutures and obliteration of the fontanelle, hydrocephalus results in disproportionate head growth.
hoffmanni, based on the simplicity of cranial sutures and the lack of their closure/fusion (Figs.