Age estimation on the basis of cranial sutures
. In: I[section]can MY (ed).
A similar outcome has been presented by Pinedo (1991), who found that fusion of most cranial sutures
was weakly correlated with age groups, and that invisibility of the SQ-PR suture, together with some discrete morphological characters of the skull (i.e., bone alveolar separation throughout tooth rows, downward curvature of the rostrum, and fusion of the hyoid bones), showed a better correlation with age and size in P blainvillei.
Adult ages can be estimated by several methods, including the degree and location of cranial suture
closure (Todd & Lyon, 1924, 1925a, b, c; Meindl & Lovejoy, 1985; Figures 1 [I, C] and 4), the degree of erosion of the pubic symphysis (Figures 1 [I, D] and 5), and the amount of osteophytic lipping of the vertebral bodies (Rothschild & Martin, 1993; Figures 1 [I, E] and 6).
In its classic form, patients experience a premature closure of the cranial sutures
, which leads to brachycephaly, proptosis, a small maxilla, and anomalies of the external and middle ear.
He said that cranial sutures
only calcify before death under pathological circumstances.
were visible on several skull projections.
This shift is already evident in Massa's Introductory Book of Anatomy (1536) where he discussed cranial sutures
on the basis of "the heads of dead people in cemeteries."(57) Massa's skulls probably came not from private graves but from ossuaries where the bones of those long dead were stored after being exhumed to provide more space in the crowded urban burial grounds.
bottae in a restricted area for many years and have correlated the closure of cranial sutures
, including the basisphenoid, with known-aged individuals (Smith and Patton, 1980; Daly and Patton, 1986; Patton and Brylski, 1987).
Minor anatomical features that mainly evolved randomly, such as tiny bones on the skull formed by cranial sutures
, provide a better comparison for groups living in different parts of the world, he asserts.
These criteria are, among others, horns with their horn-cores and horn sheath shape (Schramm, 1967; Flannery, 1969; LasotaMoskalewska et al., 1991), course of cranial sutures
(LaprusMadej, 2000), or details of the structure of the petrous part of the temporal bone (Mallet & Guadelli, 2013).
Prior to closure of the cranial sutures
and obliteration of the fontanelle, hydrocephalus results in disproportionate head growth.
hoffmanni, based on the simplicity of cranial sutures
and the lack of their closure/fusion (Figs.