craniopharyngioma

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Related to Craniopharyngiomas: Pituitary tumors

craniopharyngioma

[¦krā·nē·ō·fə‚rin·jē′ō·mə]
(medicine)
An epithelial tumor of the craniopharyngeal canal, usually in children.
References in periodicals archive ?
Differential diagnosis includes craniopharyngioma, pituitary macroadenoma, and germ cell tumor.
Eventually, the patient received the diagnosis of suprasellar tumor inclined to craniopharyngioma before operation.
Craniopharyngiomas in children and adults: systematic analysis of 121 cases with long-term follow-up.
However, in cases with slow growth, their discovery is often postponed up to the fourth and fifth decade of life, making craniopharyngiomas part of adult pathology.
Craniopharyngiomas treatment has various options; however there are two main alternatives that are typically used: one is an aggressive gross surgical removal leading to a complete resection, and the other is more conservative, using radiation therapy when a partial resection has been made or when the lesion has recurred.
BRAF V600E mutations are characteristic for papillary craniopharyngioma and may coexist with CTNNB1-mutated adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma.
But unlike teratomas, Craniopharyngiomas contain a single layer of tissue.
Surgical management of the recurrence and regrowth of craniopharyngiomas.
Neoplasms in chiasmatic-sellar area, such as, craniopharyngiomas, choleteatomas, Rathke's pouch tumors and tumors of mixed types occurred less frequently (2-3%).
Craniopharyngiomas are suprasellar tumours that are believed to arise from craniopharyngeal duct remnants.
In our study we found a predominance of supratentorial tumors (57%), the frequency and classification of which are as follows: pilocytic astrocytoma (16%), astrocytoma (WHO grade II) (14%), and craniopharyngiomas (14%).
Craniopharyngiomas are the third most common pediatric brain tumor and most common pediatric suprasellar tumor.