In the Cratylus
they dawn upon him with the freshness of a newly-discovered thought.
Not even Plato's Cratylus
could avoid trying to make sense via signals or such.
It was Plato, in the Cratylus
, who pointed out that sometimes sounds seem to carry meaning.
Among those who took this turn in their thinking we find several ancient Greek thinkers, the most famous being Heraclites and Cratylus
See, for instance, Apology 35a, 40c-e; Crito 43b; Phaedo 77d-e; Cratylus
404b; Republic 386a-b, 486b; Laws 727d, 828d.
A related connection is also made in the Cratylus
, however serious we take Socrates' etymological play, when he explains the origin of "knowing" (daemon) in the word for "spirit" (daimon, 398b).
That distribution of the topics of ancient philology enables him to speak of various philosophical positions on language--most notably that of Plato's Cratylus
with its depiction of language as both naturally expressive and altered by convention.
The Sophist philosophy of Protagoras, Hippias, Cratylus
, and others was to create much controversy and opposition later.
Rather than celebrating the power of the absolute text, these references to the Cratylus
, the rose, and the Nile demonstrate the poetic voice's scrutiny of a possible word-to-object link.
Heraclitean Flux and Unity of Opposites in Plato's Theaetetus and Cratylus
, CQ, Vol.
The meaning and etymology of the concepts of gods, demons and heroes is described in Plato's Cratylus
The Romans ascribed the comment first to Heraclitus, who did indeed assert--along with statements such as "you cannot step into the same river twice"--that all things change (navra pel, panta rhei: after Plato, Cratylus