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(Cray, Inc., Seattle, WA, A supercomputer manufacturer founded in 1972 as Cray Research, Inc., by Seymour Cray, a leading designer of large-scale computers at Control Data. In 1976, it shipped its first computer to Los Alamos National Laboratory. The CRAY-1 was a 75 MHz, 64-bit machine with a peak speed of 160 megaFLOPS, making it the world's fastest vector processor.

Over the years the company has introduced numerous models of entry-level to high-end supercomputers including the X-MP, Y-MP, C90, T90, J90, T3E, SV1, SV2 and MTA series. All Unix based, they are used for many different industrial, technical and commercial applications.

In 1989, Seymour Cray left his company to found Cray Computer Corporation, which closed six years later. In 1996, Cray Research was acquired by Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI). In 2000, Tera Computer Company acquired the vector processor technology from SGI and changed its name to Cray, Inc. The company's latest high-performance computing systems are microprocessor based and use x86 chips from AMD and Intel.

Seymour Cray
Cray became famous for his supercomputers, and his passion for high-speed computing led to many innovative designs. Cray died in 1996 at the age of 71, due to injuries in an automobile accident. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)

The Cray 1
In the late 1970s, the Cray 1 became synonymous with high-speed computing. It was often photographed for "space-age" computer shots because of its science fiction silhouette. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)

The Cray T90
In this world of look-alike boxes, the machines that Cray has built are sure standouts. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Our Cray X1E system--the largest we've shipped to date--will help AHPCRC researchers tackle extraordinarily challenging applications that are important for national defense.
The SUPERMEN: The Story of Seymour Cray and the Technical Wizards behind the Supercomputer by award-winning writer Charles J.
Other announced Cray XT3 customers include Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center.
In November, the company reported that Cray X1 systems were running challenging applications at customer sites up to 25 times faster than other U.
Shipping the first Cray X1 systems on schedule is an important milestone for the product, the company and the high-performance computing community," said Cray Inc.
The Cray SX-6 system is ideal for the large-scale calculations we need to make to advance our science, and we are excited about the opportunities it makes available to do innovative and ground-breaking studies," says Pekka Sinervo, professor of physics and vice-dean, Research Infrastructure and Graduate Education in the Faculty of Arts and Science.