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(Cray, Inc., Seattle, WA, A supercomputer manufacturer founded in 1972 as Cray Research, Inc., by Seymour Cray, a leading designer of large-scale computers at Control Data. In 1976, it shipped its first computer to Los Alamos National Laboratory. The CRAY-1 was a 75 MHz, 64-bit machine with a peak speed of 160 megaFLOPS, making it the world's fastest vector processor.

Over the years the company has introduced numerous models of entry-level to high-end supercomputers including the X-MP, Y-MP, C90, T90, J90, T3E, SV1, SV2 and MTA series. All Unix based, they are used for many different industrial, technical and commercial applications.

In 1989, Seymour Cray left his company to found Cray Computer Corporation, which closed six years later. In 1996, Cray Research was acquired by Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI). In 2000, Tera Computer Company acquired the vector processor technology from SGI and changed its name to Cray, Inc. The company's latest high-performance computing systems are microprocessor based and use x86 chips from AMD and Intel.

Seymour Cray
Cray became famous for his supercomputers, and his passion for high-speed computing led to many innovative designs. Cray died in 1996 at the age of 71, due to injuries in an automobile accident. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)

The Cray 1
In the late 1970s, the Cray 1 became synonymous with high-speed computing. It was often photographed for "space-age" computer shots because of its science fiction silhouette. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)

The Cray T90
In this world of look-alike boxes, the machines that Cray has built are sure standouts. (Image courtesy of Cray Research, Inc.)
References in periodicals archive ?
This contract, financial details of which were not available, reportedly marks the first ever Cray supercomputer to be installed at TACC.
Nasdaq: CRAY) announced that a 696-processor Cray supercomputer was used to confirm that the universe is flat and will expand forever.
Last year, one worldwide effort required 5 months on 300 personal computers and a Cray supercomputer to crack a 155-digit number into two 78-digit primes (SN: 10/2/99, p.
This new Cray supercomputer will reportedly be used to ensure the safety, security and effectiveness of US' nuclear stockpile.
Global supercomputer company Cray Inc (Nasdaq:CRAY) announced on Tuesday the signing of a contract with the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) to provide the Pawsey Centre in Perth, Australia with a next-generation Cray supercomputer code-named 'Cascade' and a next-generation Cray Sonexion storage system.
SGI's Cray supercomputer is located at EPA's research facilities in Research Triangle Park and will support environmental research for the agency nationwide.
The researchers realized that doing the simulation on a scale large enough to yield meaningful results on a single Cray supercomputer would require several days to several weeks of computer time.
Located in the Universitys Advanced Medical Research Center, the new Cray supercomputer will power computational drug-discovery research used in the design of new medicines.
The upgrade to the three systems and the consolidation into one large Cray supercomputer, as well as the delivery of the Cray XE6m system to the Naval Research Laboratory, are expected to be completed later this year.
NAVOCEANO used a Cray supercomputer to predict the near-exact location of a dangerous mine thought to be drifting near a U.
Landman's team provides a Cray supercomputer with a cast of characters whose personalities are determined by the physical and chemical forces that govern how they interact with thier neighbors.
Global supercomputer company Cray Inc (Nasdaq:CRAY) announced on Wednesday that it will install a next-generation Cray supercomputer code-named 'Cascade' and a next-generation Cray Sonexion storage system at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Centre (NERSC).