Crazy Snake (b. Chitto Harjo)(1846–1912) Creek chief; born in the Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma). In 1897, he set up the "Snake Government," a traditional body designed to counter the legal dissolution of tribal governments. A Snake-led uprising (1901) proved unsuccessful. He was a great orator and advocate for the traditional ways of his people.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.