Crazy Snake

Crazy Snake (b. Chitto Harjo)

(1846–1912) Creek chief; born in the Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma). In 1897, he set up the "Snake Government," a traditional body designed to counter the legal dissolution of tribal governments. A Snake-led uprising (1901) proved unsuccessful. He was a great orator and advocate for the traditional ways of his people.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Crazy Snake Uprising, as it has come to be called, began as a response to the Creek government's decision in 1900 to sign an allotment agreement with the United States.
In March 1901 253 of the Snakes, including Chitto Harjo, were indicted--more than 10 percent of the adult male Creek population--for "conspiracy to deprive unknown persons of their personal liberty" and "detaining them without lawful authority" (Harring, "Crazy Snake," 374-76).
The contributions include poetry, narratives of imprisoned Native American women, an analysis of Leslie Silko's Ceremony, and a recounting of the Crazy Snake Rebellion.