Creeks

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Creeks

 

the name given by Europeans in the 17th and 18th centuries to the confederation of Muskogean Indian tribes.

The Creeks lived in what are now the states of Georgia and Alabama and engaged in hoe farming, hunting, and fishing. By the time of European colonization, they were at the stage of forming an early class society. The seizure of Creek lands by colonizers in the 1830’s and the forced resettlement of the Creeks in Oklahoma marked the end of their independent development. The present-day Creeks (who numbered approximately 16,700 in 1950) are to a considerable extent assimilated. Their chief occupations are small farming and working for hire. In the past, the religious beliefs of the Creeks consisted of sun and fire worship; after colonization, the Creeks were Christianized.

References in periodicals archive ?
Creek people traditionally would have been ceremonially buried wearing their finest pair of moccasins.
While the Creek people have a serious interest in their historic material culture, it disappeared so early during the early years of the nineteenth century that there are just too few resources to properly recreate the making of die early Creek style.
61) Indeed, they tell us much about how the Creek people who told them in 1890 or 1900 or 1910 conceived of their nation in their own time.
This movement can be seen as part of a much longer history of struggle among the Creek people between those supporting a centralized bureaucracy largely organized around bourgeois principles and those committed to a town-based structure in which kinship networks are vital.
Lucy's investment in the persistence of the "stomp dances," then, signals not just a concern for Creek spirituality but a desire to maintain the particular sociopolitical matrix that has sustained the Creek people in their struggle against imperial intervention.
During the spring of 1789 Bowles conceived a plan with his Nassau business friends to take a party of Cherokee and Creek people to London.
Valeo IP is currently contracted to handle rights management for all eight of the weekly papers: Park Cities People, BentTree People, Bluffview People, Lakewood People, Turtle Creek People, West Plano People, Preston Hollow People and Lake Highland People.
17) Womack is not arguing that a Native or Creek canon should subsume the Euroamerican canon; rather, he shows that the Creek people have a distinct worldview underlying Creek works, which demand acknowledgement within the larger literary community on their own terms.
Littlefield's complex portrait is of an Alex Posey at times by, at times resigned to, and at times comfortable with his self-perceived role as intermediary for the conflicting forces at work on the Creek people during the late 1800s an one hand there was the force of perpetuation and maintenance of the traditional Creek culture embodied in Posey's mother, her relations, the Creek medicine people, the eastern Oklahoma landscape, and the Creek language.
Through the trade he entered the Creek Nation, forged lasting friendships with many Creek people, found and married his only wife, fathered three children, became fluent in the Muskogee language and accumulated the foundation of his fortune.
They were eventually assimilated with the Seminole and Creek peoples.
He begins with the Creek peoples who lived by the river at the time of the first European contact.